Legal Cases in Education: Some Samples

THE FOLLOWING ARE HYPOTHETICAL AND FICTIONAL CASES and the decisions rendered for each case are, of course, ‘unofficial’ and subject to scrutiny by legal experts. Nonetheless, the article somehow gives educational managers and administrators a glimpse on how to address school problems that involve legality.

Case #1: Germany
ALEXANDER PARIJS, a skilled Belgian professor, was accepted to teach General Knowledge in Grundschule Schulkamp, a primary school in Hamburg, Germany. Parijs, being a former seminarian who got his MA from Catholic University of Leuven in Belgium, is a devoted Christian. Because of his great religious dedication, he made it a ‘classroom rule’ for his students to utter Catholic prayers before and after his classes as practiced in his alma mater. He even gave away pieces of crucifix which his students must wear at least during their classes.
Eventually, this matter became known to the parents of his students and they reported to the school administration insisting that Parijs must be sanctioned because his acts can be classified as gross violation of the “separation of church and state doctrine” which was guaranteed by the Constitution of Germany ...


18 Qualities of a Good Teacher

1. Calmness
Being good at helping students de-stress or be relaxed for learning to take place.
2. Compassion for students
Caring about students as individuals and wanting to help them. Willing to speak up for them to other people, if need be.
3. Confidence
Believing in oneself despite setbacks and not letting problems get him/her upset.
4. Creativity
Being imaginative in using various methods in teaching to make learning fun.
5. Dedication to excellence
Wanting the best from students and oneself, not settling for mediocrity ...


Outcome-Based Teaching and Learning (OBTL): Some Strenghts

Outcome-Based Teaching and Learning (OBTL): Some Strenghts
OBTL is a student-centered learning philosophy that focuses on empirically measuring student performance, which are called outcomes as opposed to traditional learning’s emphasis on resources or inputs.  Like in Competency-Based Education, it requires students to demonstrate that they have learned the required skills and content. The following are some of its strengths:

The students’ outputs measure the students’ performance as well as the teachers’ effectiveness and the deficiency in curriculum which would require corrective actions.


It requires identification of not only what students are supposed to learn but also how and to what standard. (What do I intend my students to be able to do after my teaching that they couldn’t do before, and to what standard?) ...


School Administration: Some Questions and Answers

1. In an instance when the principal is out with all the staff to attend to an important activity called by the superior, to whom do you leave the school/office? Why?

THE SCHOOL could be entrusted to the Assistant Principal or anybody next in line. If the principal has no assistant and there is no clear next in line in the roster, a competent substitute (OIC) could be chosen and assigned while the principal is out. The substitute may come from the faculty or from outside the school—provided that he/she is capable and knowledgeable in holding the temporarily vacant position. (For more qualities to consider in looking for a substitute, please see answer in question number 2 ...


Proposed Syllabus: A Sample

ED.D. 101


III. COURSE CREDIT:                     3 units

IV. PRE-REQUISITE/S:                  none

            This subject is a study of the various Anthropological and Sociological viewpoints in managing educational systems and institutions. As suggested by its course title, this course presents a number of anthropological and sociological concerns and foundations which should be taken into account by educational managers to become effective and dynamic. This field of study also attempts to apply to educational management the well known Anthropological and Sociological findings  and theories as this subject explains the effects in learning of different Anthropological and Sociological factors ...


Understanding by Design (UBD): Some Strengths

UNDERSTANDING BY DESIGN is a tool for educational planning focused on "teaching for understanding". It emphasizes on "backward design" or the method of identifying the outcomes first to design the curriculum, performance assessments, and classroom instruction ...
It assesses the students’ ability before planning for the appropriate materials and activities. It enables students to have a better understanding of the lessons.

Makes learning interesting and multi-dimensional
It helps the students to practice the six facets of understanding—to explain, interpret, apply, have perspective, empathize, and have self-knowledge about a given topic. The approach also aims to make learning more focused, engaging, coherent, effective, and rich in context ...
Provides a better plan of curriculum
Many pertinent factors are considered before designing the curriculum. It carefully determines students’ ability that teaching will be effective and a good student learning is provided ...


A Review of Three (3) Schools in Metro Manila

THE FOLLOWING SCHOOLS were visited, reviewed, and evaluated in relation to the philosophical, psychological, and sociological aspects or factors that affect the students enrolled in each academic institution ...
Bagong Silang, CaloocanCity, Philippines

A) Philosophical foundations
Based on its vision, mission, and goals, the school advocates idealism (promoting high standards or principles) and supernaturalism (belief in and reverence to the Supernatural Being or God).
            As the school aims to shape the moral values of the young ones so that they will become beneficial to the community, it also intends to develop students to become Godly by providing competent, biblically based, caring, and Christian environment that enables children to grow and learn with love and respect. It is also the goal of the school to mold students to become not only critical but also compassionate thinkers. Furthermore, the school commits to respond to the Great Commission by providing a complete educational experience in a spiritual atmosphere.


Collective Negotiation: A Report

“...where free unions and collective bargaining are forbidden, freedom is lost.”
Ronald Reagan, Labor Day Speech at Liberty State Park, 1980

COLLECTIVE NEGOTIATION or collective bargaining is a process of negotiations between employers (generally represented by management or employers’ organization) and the representatives of employees (e.g. trade unions) aimed at reaching agreements which regulate working conditions.
          The result of the negotiation is often referred to as collective bargaining agreement (CBA) or as collective employment agreement (CEA) which usually sets out wage scales, working hours, training, health and safety, overtime, grievance mechanisms and rights to participate in workplace or company affairs ...



STUDENT DISCIPLINE PLAYS A SIGNIFICANT ROLE in providing the students a world class educational experience. It is for this reason that the Student Personnel Services (SPS) that concerns student conduct usually has character formation and internalization of values as its ultimate objectives in having rules and regulations on proper decorum and social norms inside and outside the school.
          The Student Personnel Services concerning discipline is responsible for promoting student discipline, for ensuring the safety and welfare of the students, and for maintaining peace, order, and cleanliness in the school. ...


25 Beneficial Topics of Research in School

Topics which could benefit students:
1. The effects of greater exposure to technology to students’ performance (whether or not it improves the ability of students to be competitive in a job market which is now largely driven by technological innovation).
2. Effects of social networking (Facebook, multiply, etc) to the academic performance of students
3. Allowing the students to use educational technologies (e.g. laptop, Ipad, etc.) in the classroom.
4. A research topic about "working students"
5. Peer Pressure (its underlying causes and effects, and how to handle it) ...



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