Education

Total Quality Management (TMQ) in Education

ONE OF THE EMERGING PHILOSOPHIES of management is that of total quality management. TQM has received wide acclaim as an effective approach for achieving quality and performance enhancements in industry.  With its recognition and acceptance increasing by the day in the private sector, academic institutions have started to explore the potential for applying the TQM philosophy to education.

TQM approach in education involves not only achieving high quality but also influencing all segments of the educational process: organization, management, interpersonal relations, material and human resources, etc. Applying the approach described above, quality becomes total (integral).

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The School-based Management (SBM) in Philippine Schools

GOOD EDUCATION is not only about physical inputs, such as classrooms, teachers, and textbooks, but also about incentives that lead to better instruction and learning.

Education systems are extremely demanding of the managerial, technical, and financial capacity of governments, and, thus, as a service, education is too complex to be efficiently produced and distributed in a centralized fashion. Thus, the government adopts this innovation to decentralize the authority to the school level. Responsibility and decision-making over school operations is transferred to principals, teachers, parents, sometimes students, and other school community members. The school-level actors, however, have to conform to, or operate, within a set of centrally determined policies.

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On Philippine Education: The Basic Education School Reform Agenda (BESRA)

On Philippine Education: The Basic Education School Reform Agenda (BESRA)

BASIC EDUCATION SECTOR REFORM AGENDA (BESRA) is a package of policy reforms that as a whole seeks to systematically improve critical regulatory, institutional, structural, financial, cultural, physical and informational conditions affecting basic education provision, access and delivery on the ground. It aims to create a basic education sector that is capable of attaining the country’s Education for All Objectives by the year 2015.

In summary, its objectives are:

1. Universal Adult Functional Literacy;

2. Universal School Participation and Elimination of Drop-outs and Repetition in First Three Grades;

3. Universal Completion of the Full Cycle of Basic Education Schooling with Satisfactory Achievement Levels by All At Every Grade or Year; and

4. Total Community Commitment to Attainment of Basic Education Competencies for All.

In order for the basic education sector to achieve the above listed desired educational outcomes for all Filipinos, the BESRA focuses on specific policy actions within five key reform thrusts (KRT) as follows:

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