Contemporary Approaches in Teaching Social Science & Philosophy Subjects

Contemporary Approaches in Teaching Social Science & Philosophy
copyright 2016 by JENSEN DG. MAÑEBOG

SubjectsSocial Science vs. Philosophy

-Philosophy involves a more critical and analytical approach whereas social sciences deal with more of a scientific approach.

-Social sciences adopt a more scientific approach. Philosophy is not necessitated to use the scientific method.
-Philosophy uses the ‘descriptive approach’ (Philosophy of Religion), the ‘prescriptive methodology’ (Ethics), some ‘intuitive speculations’ (Philo of Man/Metaphysics) and the ‘critical/analytical approach’ (Logic).

Both are important:
The functions of Philosophy include:
(1) to better appreciate the meaning and purpose of the human experience – both broadly in the nature of the human condition, as well as within each unique individual (e.g. student), i.e., his self-identity and purpose,
(2) to reveal wisdom, i.e. to better explore and address the “big questions” and meet the challenges in the human condition.


Climate Change: Causes, Effects, and Solutions

Climate Change: Causes, Effects, and Solutions
© 2013-present by Jensen DG. Mañebog
On Global Warming and Climate Change
Climate change is “a change in the statistical properties of the climate system when considered over long periods of time, regardless of cause” (“Climate change,” n.d.). Using this definition, climate variations over periods shorter than a few decades, like El Niño, do not exemplify climate change.
The term is often used to particularly denote the climate change caused by human activity, as opposed to environmental changes caused by Earth’s natural processes. In this sense, the term climate change has become synonymous with anthropogenic (human-caused) global warming. To differentiate the two related concepts, global warming refers to surface temperature increases, whereas climate change comprises global warming and everything else affected by rising greenhouse gas levels.
Taken together, global warming and climate change refer to “measurable increases in the average temperature of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and landmasses” (Mastrandrea, 2009). The Earth is observed to be undergoing a period of rapid warming fundamentally caused by increasing levels of heat-trapping gases, called greenhouse gases, in the atmosphere.

The greenhouse gases and greenhouse effect

The sun provides the energy that lights and warms the earth. The sun’s short-wave radiation enters the atmosphere and is absorbed by the earth’s surface. In turn, the earth’s surface releases to space some of this heat as long-wave infrared radiation. However, a fraction of this long-wave infrared radiation remains trapped in earth’s atmosphere, soaked up by some atmospheric gases. “Absorbing and reflecting heat radiated by Earth, these gases act somewhat like the glass in a greenhouse, and are thus known as greenhouse gases” (Schneider, 2009).
The greenhouse effect refers to the process through which the greenhouse gases retain the radiant energy or heat provided to Earth by the Sun. All life on earth depends on this greenhouse effect, for without it, the earth would be too cold, about -18°C (0°F), and ice would cover the whole planet.


january exercise


grade 7-science 3rd quarter


shjcs grade 9 science 2015


grade 9 science

grade 9 science

by rebecca h. dumlao



“A Time Wasted is a Life Wasted”

By Ricson M. Ricardo


Do you know Aristotle, Galileo, Newton, Jobs, Gates etc.?
They are men in the past and today who are changing and changed the history of the world.


Engineering Management

This exam is for Engineering student with Engineering Management. It covers the topic: Managing Production Operation, Marketing and Finance.

The result (in print screen copy) must be submitted to my email add. 



Achievement Test Reviewer in Physics

This Physics UPCAT Reviewer includes 20 items of questions focussing on Horizontal Motion and graphical information.


Achievement Test in Filipino Grade 3

This is an Automated Filipino Reviewer for grade 3 pupils. These includes the following skills:

1. Pangngalan



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