Segunda Katigbak: Jose Rizal's First Love

 Segunda Katigbak: Jose Rizal's First Love
 
She was Jose Rizal’s “puppy love” and with her the hero was believed to have had “love at first sight”.
 
 
Rizal was 16 years old when one Sunday in 1887 he paid visit to his maternal grandmother in Trozo, Manila and there met, among others, Segunda Katigbak, a two-year-younger-than-him ‘colegiala’. In his ‘Memorias de Un Estudiante de Manila’, Rizal graphically described her as a short lady with “eloquent eyes, rosy cheeks, and smile that reveals very beautiful teeth”. Mariano Katigbak, Segunda’s brother and Rizal’s classmate who was also in the house, probably had no idea that his friend had been experiencing “a love at first sight” being bewitched by his alluring sister.
 
During the 1880s, the Katigbaks of Batangas were known for their successful and very lucrative coffee industry. When Jose met Segunda, she was at the time a boarding student of La Concordia College where Rizal’s sister Olympia was also studying. Jose and Segunda got to know each other more intimately as his visits to his sister Olympia (or rather to his love interest Segunda) in La Concordia surprisingly became more frequent.
 
How could Rizal forget that incident when he was urged by other acquaintances and conformed to make a pencil sketch of Segunda? “From time to time”, he later recorded in his diary, “she looked at me, and I blushed.” When Segunda one day gave him a white artificial rose she had made herself at school, he gave her in exchange that pencil sketch he had drawn of her.
 
In hindsight, we can submit that Rizal was somewhat clueless and naïve. As in the song “Paper Roses,” the artificial flower was perhaps Segunda’s way of insinuating that their affection was hopeless from the very start. The ‘rumor’ that she had been engaged to be married to a fellow-townsman, Manuel Luz, even before she met Pepe, was all along true. Rizal’s discovery of the real score later was probably his major reason, being a man of delicadeza, why he did not propose to her, more than his being ‘torpe’ or a reluctant lover.
 
It was also at La Concordia where the young lovers talked to each other for the last time. It was a romantic day in December 1877 when the confused Rizal came to see the ever-hopeful Segunda. Rizal said goodbye because he would spend his New Year vacation in his hometown starting the following day. Segunda replied that she was also going home to Lipa a day later. She then maintained silence, perhaps giving Rizal enough opportunity to say anything romantic, especially that sweetest tri-syllabic pronouncement which a lover would want to hear from a beloved. To her surprise, Rizal indeed uttered a three-syllable statement. The young Rizal said, “Well, good-bye” (which is virtually equivalent to today’s cold text message “Ah ok” plus a smiley). “Anyway—I’ll see you when you pass Calamba on your way to Lipa”, he nevertheless promised.
 
Rizal went home to Calamba and woke up the following day determined to fulfill his promise to Segunda. The steamer carrying Segunda anchored in Biñan so Jose saddled his white horse to wait at the road. When Segunda’s carromata passed by, she smiled and waved her handkerchief to him. Initially wanting to follow, Rizal at the last minute turned his horse around and decided to ride home instead. That incident marked the end of everything between the young lovers.
 
Segunda returned to Batangas and in due time married Don Manuel Luz y Metra who also hailed from a prominent family in Batangas. Segunda’s husband was actually the nephew of her maternal grandmother.
 

The Luz-Katigbak ancestral house called ‘Casa de Segunda’, an old ‘bahay-na-bato’ which survived the World War II bombings, still exists today in Lipa on a street ironically named ‘Calle Rizal’. The house was restored as a vacation house and later turned into a private museum. The sportscaster Chino Trinidad, a descendant of Segunda and Manuel, once related in a TV interview that Rizal had gone to ‘Casa de Segunda”, played chess and lost to his Lolo Manuel. The historic house has been declared a National Heritage house in 1996 by the National Historical Commission. (© 2013 by Jensen DG. Mañebog)

The author's e-book on Jose Rizal's love life
 
Related articles:

Rizal's Life, Works, and Writings: Online Syllabus and Articles

Jensen DG. Mañebog, the contributor, is a book author and professorial lecturer in the graduate school of a state university in Metro Manila. His unique e-books on Rizal (available online) comprehensively tackle, among others, the respective life of Rizal’s parents, siblings, co-heroes, and girlfriends. (e-mail: jensenismo@gmail.com)
 
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TAGS: Jose Rizal, Girlfriend, Segunda Katigbak, History, Philippine Studies, Filipino Heroes, Segunda Katigbak: Jose Rizal's First Love; Segunda Katigbak: Jose Rizal's First Love
 
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For me, Love at first sight is not really love, it is just an attraction. We are just pertaining to the physical appearance.

Jose Rizal love life is so colorful because He love more than 1 girl. He is lovely person and kind so that many girl like him.

Sa inyong palagay kung nagkatuluyan sina Jose Rizal at Segunda Katigbak,maari kayang hindi nabaril si Rizal sa dapitan? Bakit?

Sa inyong palagay kung nagkatuluyan sina Jose Rizal at Segunda Katigbak,maari kayang hindi nabaril si Rizal sa dapitan? Bakit?

Para sa akin,nakakapanghinayang na hindi nagkatuluyan sina Jose Rizal at Segunda Katigbak. Ganoon pa man, tama din ang kanilang desisyon dahil si Segunda Katigbak ay nakalaan na para kay Manuel Luz kahit noong di pa magkakilala ang dalawa.

Napakasaya na isipin na ganito ang buhay noon ni Rizal,sadyang naging makabuluhan ang pananatili niya sa mundo. Gusto ko pang malaman ang ilan sa mga mahahalagang pangyayari sa buhay niya.

Para sa akin napakaganda ng kwento ng unang pagibig ni Rizal, yung tipong sayang lang talaga dahil Itinakda na sa iba si Segunda bago pa sila nagkakilala. Yun nga lang, kung nagkatuluyan nga sila noon, baka hindi siya ang ating itinuturing na pambansang bayani ngayon.

Yes, because at that time Rizal is still very young and he will meet other girls. But then again he will always remember Segunda because she is his first love.

kahit alam na ni Rizal na engaged na si Segunda ay nagawa niya parin na laging dalawin ito sa paaralan niya. Dahil si Rizal ay may gusto kay Segunda. Nirespeto ni Rizal ang pagmamahalan ni Segunda at Manuel Luz kaya hindi niya ito ipinaglaban kahit alam natin na gusto niya talaga si Segunda.

In my own opinion, maaring magkatuluyan sila kasi base sa nababasa ko pareho silang merong nararamdaman sa isa't isa pero hindi pa lang na express.
Christian Carlo P. Atienza's picture

when i read this i was inspired to the first love story of rizal our national hero but fell sad that what happen to our hero that segunda and rizal not perfect to each other

Letting go means to come to the realization that some people are a part of your history, but not a part of your destiny. DR. Jose Rizal has the right love at the wrong time.
Sarrah Joy Yasay's picture

If He only knows how to express his love deeply for Segunda Katigbak I think Segunda will choose him. Segunda is only waiting for the sign if they were meant to be but then she didn't saw any so she decided to marry the person who is willing to marry her without any doubt and he is Manuel Luz.

Sa tingin ko kung si Segunda ay hindi engage kay Don Manuel Luz, magtatapat si Rizal ng kanyang nararamdaman para sa dalaga, at malaki ang magiging papel ni Segunda sa buhay ng ating bayani. At dahil si Rizal ay isang maginoo at may delicadeza na tao hindi na nya pinili pang maghimasok sa buhay at pag-ibig ni Segunda sapagkat alam niya na ito ay nakatakda na para sa ibang lalaki.

I think it is one of the most regretful part of Rizal's life. He gave up his first love to do what he thinks right.

I think it is one of the most regretful part of Rizal's life. He gave up his first love to do what he thinks right.

Rizal's first love is what everyone call's "Puppy Love". It wont last long but its wonderful.

isa itong napakagandang aral para sa atin na lahat ng bagay na nangyayari sa ating buhay ay plano ng Diyos, marahil may kailangan ka lang matutunan o kaya'y may dapat kang isakripisyo. Ang istorya na tulad nito ay talaga namang nag papahiwatig satin na may bagay na hindi talaga para sa atin dahil may bagay na dapat mo pang gampanan.

Segunda has obviously caught Rizal's eyes when they met for the very first time. Rizal knows the boundaries in falling inlove he knew that Segunda is already engaged even though they love each other, so he tried to stop his feelings for Segunda and did what's right.

Oo, dahil base sa mga galaw ni Segunda na nagpapahiwatig na gusto rin niya si Rizal ngunit nalaman ito ni Rizal na ikakasal na ito kay Manuel Luz. Marahil ay napag-isipisip rin niya na qwala na siyang magagawa para mapasakanya si Segunda.

Sa aking pong palagay ay si Dr. Jose Rizal po ay nadismaya ng malaman niya na walang po siyang pag-asa kay Segunda simula po niyun ay tinuring na po niyang kaibigan si Segunda. Si Dr. Jose Rizal ay tinuring na kaibigan si Segunda pero kahit ganun tinupad nya ang kanyang pangako dito

Si Rizal ay talagang napakabuting tao dahil hinayaan niyang umalis at magpakasal si Segunda Katigbak kay Manuel Luz.Ang pagpaparaya ay hindi masamang gawain.

Hinahangaan ko si Rizal sapagkat nagawa niyang magparaya para kay Segunda Katigbak sa kabila ng nararamdaman niya para kay Segunda. Natutunan ko mula dito na dapat pahalagahan natin ang oras at panahon na kasama natin ang taong minamahal natin kasi hindi natin alam kung kailan siya aalis.

Ngayon ko lang nalaman na ang ating pambansang bayani ay bigo sa kanyang unang pag ibig.Siguro kung hindi engage si Segunda ay hindi sya bigo.

napakagandang malaman ang kwento tungkol sa unang pag ibig ni Gat. Rizal. Ang ganda pala ng kwento pero sa huli hindi rin naging sila.

Some people are meant to fall in love with each other. But sometimes they are not meant to be together.

Isa itong napakagandang aral para sa atin na lahat ng bagay na nangyayari sa ating buhay ay plano ng Diyos, marahil may kailangan ka lang matutunan o kaya'y may dapat kang isakripisyo. Ang istorya na tulad nito ay talaga namang nag papahiwatig satin na may bagay na hindi talaga para sa atin dahil may bagay na dapat mo pang gampanan.

Hindi lahat ng babaeng dumadaan sa ating buhay ay masasabi nating siya na ang babaeng para sa atin ,minsan kailangan din nating mabigo pag dating sa pag-ibig kagaya ni Jose Rizal. Ngunit hindi ito sapat na dahilan para hindi na tayo magmahal ulit bagkos ay gawin nating itong inspirasyon upang malampasan natin ang mga susunod na hamon ng pag-ibig sa ating buhay.

Sa palagay ko naging mabuti na din na hindi nagkatuluyan sina Segunda at Dr. Jose Rizal dahil mga bata pa naman sila noon at dapat pag-aaral muna ang unahin nila. May mga bagay talagang hindi natin makuha-kuha gaano man natin ito kagusto.

Napaka ganda basahin ng historya na ito dahil pinapakita nito na kahit ang ating magiting na bayani na si Jose Rizal ay nakaranas din ng "puppy love". Ngunit siguro nga lang na si Segunda ay hindi para kay Jose Rizal ngunit siya para kay Manuel Luz.

On a rate of 1-10, how determined how determined is Rizal for fighting his relationship with Segunda Katigbak? Why?

Its not bad to fall in love when we are young. But when it is not for us we need to learn how to give up or sacrifice.

Nakakatuwang isipin na napaka-ginoo ni Rizal. Sapagkat hindi ito nag-take advantage para sulutin o sirain ang naka-aarange marriage ni Segunda sa halip mas pinili nitong hayaan nalang ang dalaga sa nakatakda nitong mapapakasalan.

Pls. comment on this, What noble of Dr. Jose P. Rizal encouraged to have freedom from the spaniards?Why?. Pls. LIKE first this OurHappySchool.com FB page so that your comment would be COUNTED

First love always occupies a special place. That it touches our lives and enriches them forever.

Hindi sa lahat ng pagkakataon makukuha natin ang ating gusto, minsan kailangan din nating magsakripisyo para sa ating minamahal, ang mahalaga natuto tayong tumanggap na sadyang may mga taong aalis at darating sa ating buhay. Hindi man sila nagkatuluyan ni Segunda, marami pa ring naiwan na magandang alaala sa buhay-pagibig ng ating pambansang bayani.

Hindi sa lahat ng pagkakataon makukuha natin ang ating gusto, minsan kailangan din nating magsakripisyo para sa ating minamahal, ang mahalaga natuto tayong tumanggap na sadyang may mga taong aalis at darating sa ating buhay. Hindi man sila nagkatuluyan ni Segunda, marami pa ring naiwan na magandang alaala sa buhay-pagibig ng ating pambansang bayani.

Love is not just about finding a good partner. It is also about being a good one.

Ngayon ko lang po nalaman na ang ni Rizal ay masyadong mahiwaga pagdating sa pag ibig. At naniniwala din ako sa kasabihang ang pag ibig ay di minamadali kusang dumadating yan.

If Jose met Segunda before she was engaged maybe their story would have in other way. Maybe the history would change.

Some people are meant to fall in love with each other.But sometimes they are not meant to be together.

Dr. Jose Rizal is a gentleman because he did not pursue his feelings for Segunda who was engaged with Manuel Luz. He knew that pursuing his feelings for Segunda will only cause a trouble between him, Segunda, and Manuel Luz.

For me, a chance existed for Dr. Jose Rizal and Segunda Katigbak to end up happily together but Rizal was just too shy and a man of delicadeza to admit his true feelings to Segunda. I believe that this was due to the lack of love experience for Rizal because this is a love at first sight.

love is wait until the exact time to us. don't rush it or you will easy to lose it.

Hindi naman masisisi si Rizal kung bakit siya ganon ka torpe, siguro naisip din niya na meron ng lalaki na nakalaan kay Segunda kaya dina niya ito pinag pa tuloy ang panliligaw. Kung hindi naman para sa isa't isa ang dalawang tao o hindi nakalaan sayo at wala kanang magagawa para dito mas mabuting mag paraya na lang at tumalikod.

I learned something new about Rizal. But then, I'm sure that his memories with his first love which is Segunda is surely precious to him.

Rizal's first love is hopeless from the beginning.I think his first love is just an infatuation

Ang istorya ni Segunda ay nagpapakita ng pinagbabawal na pag-ibig na hindi na napagbibigyan ng pagkakataong magtagumpay. Sa totoo lang makukuha na sana ni Rizal si Segunda kung hindi lamang siya nakatali sa iba.

Para kay Segunda Katigbak, hindi siya dapat umaasa sa mga bagay na pinaparamdam sa kanya ni Jose Rizal dahil nakalaan na ang kanyang pag-ibig kay Manuel Luz.Dapat palayain nalang ni Segunda yung nararamdaman niya kay Jose Rizal upang makamit niya ang tunay na pag-ibig.

Siguro Hindi lang sila para sa isat isa may plano si God para sa kanilang dalawa. Napaka linis pa rin ng puso ni Rizal pinakita pa rin nya ang pagiging tunay na lalaki sa paraang di nya pang-aagaw ka Segunda sa kasintahan nya.

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