Segunda Katigbak: Jose Rizal's First Love

 Segunda Katigbak: Jose Rizal's First Love
 
She was Jose Rizal’s “puppy love” and with her the hero was believed to have had “love at first sight”.
 
 
Rizal was 16 years old when one Sunday in 1887 he paid visit to his maternal grandmother in Trozo, Manila and there met, among others, Segunda Katigbak, a two-year-younger-than-him ‘colegiala’. In his ‘Memorias de Un Estudiante de Manila’, Rizal graphically described her as a short lady with “eloquent eyes, rosy cheeks, and smile that reveals very beautiful teeth”. Mariano Katigbak, Segunda’s brother and Rizal’s classmate who was also in the house, probably had no idea that his friend had been experiencing “a love at first sight” being bewitched by his alluring sister.
 
During the 1880s, the Katigbaks of Batangas were known for their successful and very lucrative coffee industry. When Jose met Segunda, she was at the time a boarding student of La Concordia College where Rizal’s sister Olympia was also studying. Jose and Segunda got to know each other more intimately as his visits to his sister Olympia (or rather to his love interest Segunda) in La Concordia surprisingly became more frequent.
 
How could Rizal forget that incident when he was urged by other acquaintances and conformed to make a pencil sketch of Segunda? “From time to time”, he later recorded in his diary, “she looked at me, and I blushed.” When Segunda one day gave him a white artificial rose she had made herself at school, he gave her in exchange that pencil sketch he had drawn of her.
 
In hindsight, we can submit that Rizal was somewhat clueless and naïve. As in the song “Paper Roses,” the artificial flower was perhaps Segunda’s way of insinuating that their affection was hopeless from the very start. The ‘rumor’ that she had been engaged to be married to a fellow-townsman, Manuel Luz, even before she met Pepe, was all along true. Rizal’s discovery of the real score later was probably his major reason, being a man of delicadeza, why he did not propose to her, more than his being ‘torpe’ or a reluctant lover.
 
It was also at La Concordia where the young lovers talked to each other for the last time. It was a romantic day in December 1877 when the confused Rizal came to see the ever-hopeful Segunda. Rizal said goodbye because he would spend his New Year vacation in his hometown starting the following day. Segunda replied that she was also going home to Lipa a day later. She then maintained silence, perhaps giving Rizal enough opportunity to say anything romantic, especially that sweetest tri-syllabic pronouncement which a lover would want to hear from a beloved. To her surprise, Rizal indeed uttered a three-syllable statement. The young Rizal said, “Well, good-bye” (which is virtually equivalent to today’s cold text message “Ah ok” plus a smiley). “Anyway—I’ll see you when you pass Calamba on your way to Lipa”, he nevertheless promised.
 
Rizal went home to Calamba and woke up the following day determined to fulfill his promise to Segunda. The steamer carrying Segunda anchored in Biñan so Jose saddled his white horse to wait at the road. When Segunda’s carromata passed by, she smiled and waved her handkerchief to him. Initially wanting to follow, Rizal at the last minute turned his horse around and decided to ride home instead. That incident marked the end of everything between the young lovers.
 
Segunda returned to Batangas and in due time married Don Manuel Luz y Metra who also hailed from a prominent family in Batangas. Segunda’s husband was actually the nephew of her maternal grandmother.
 

The Luz-Katigbak ancestral house called ‘Casa de Segunda’, an old ‘bahay-na-bato’ which survived the World War II bombings, still exists today in Lipa on a street ironically named ‘Calle Rizal’. The house was restored as a vacation house and later turned into a private museum. The sportscaster Chino Trinidad, a descendant of Segunda and Manuel, once related in a TV interview that Rizal had gone to ‘Casa de Segunda”, played chess and lost to his Lolo Manuel. The historic house has been declared a National Heritage house in 1996 by the National Historical Commission. (© 2013 by Jensen DG. Mañebog)

The author's e-book on Jose Rizal's love life
 
Related articles:

Rizal's Life, Works, and Writings: Online Syllabus and Articles

Jensen DG. Mañebog, the contributor, is a book author and professorial lecturer in the graduate school of a state university in Metro Manila. His unique e-books on Rizal (available online) comprehensively tackle, among others, the respective life of Rizal’s parents, siblings, co-heroes, and girlfriends. (e-mail: jensenismo@gmail.com)
 
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TAGS: Jose Rizal, Girlfriend, Segunda Katigbak, History, Philippine Studies, Filipino Heroes, Segunda Katigbak: Jose Rizal's First Love; Segunda Katigbak: Jose Rizal's First Love
 
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Comments

Siguro hindi lang talaga sila para sa isat isa, may plano si God para sa kanila. Pinakita pa rin nya ang pagiging tunay na lalaki hindi nya nagawang agawin si Segunda sa kasintahan nya.

Dr. Jose Rizal lacked confidence at expressing his love for Segunada. If Rizal had enough courage to tell Segunda the three-syllable statement; I love you, maybe Segunda didn't have to go back to Lipa to marry Don Manuel Luz y Metra.

His decision was correct that he did not tell about his feelings. Because what if Rizal said and Segunda accept it then he could not stand his love what happens in the situation they would be, if his just feelings he can't tell.
John Paul B.. Manalang's picture

Marahil mas pinahalagahan ni Rizal ang kanyang delikadesa kesa sa kangyang pag-ibig kay Segunda. Pinapangalagahan din niya ang kanyang pangalan, gayun nadin ang kay Segunda.

Rizal just made the right decision, as a matter of fact the result of his decision made his life more meaningful. I dont see anything wrong with that.
Joy H. Asuncion's picture

Kung nagtapat lang sana si Dr.Rizal kay Segunda,maaring sila ang nag katuluyan dahil sa una palang umibig si Segunda na alam naman niyang mali.Ibig sabihin kayang tanggihan ni Segunda ang kasunduan kay Manuel Luz na magpakasal alang-alang kay Rizal.

No , because rizal is a kind of man that has a loyalty to his love one.

For me, there are some things in life that is so hard to let go not because it is your will instead it is needed.

For me, there are some things in life that is so hard to let go not because it is your will instead it is needed. The only thing you need is acceptance.;D

Sana ipinagtapat na lang ni Rizal ang kanyang nararamdaman para kay Segunda baka sakaling gumawa ng paraan si Segunda o ipaglaban si Rizal.Sobrang ganda at inspirational sana ang kanilang pag-iibigan dahil kung sakaling nagkatuluyan sila gagawin nila ang lahat upang walang humadlang sa kanilang nararamdaman.

Sana ipinagtapat na lang ni Rizal ang kanyang nararamdaman para kay Segunda baka sakaling gumawa ng paraan si Segunda o ipaglaban si Rizal.Sobrang ganda at inspirational sana ang kanilang pag-iibigan dahil kung sakaling nagkatuluyan sila gagawin nila ang lahat upang walang humadlang sa kanilang nararamdaman.

syempre masarap mag karoon ng 1st love. alam naman natin na matalino si RIZAL pero nung nag mahal sya umiral pa rin ang puso para sa isang babae.

If only Jose Rizal told Segunda his true feelings for her, maybe Segunda expressed also her feelings to him and there would be a chance for them. But I think Jose Rizal just didn't know what to say that time when he told Segunda, “Well, good-bye”, and he really didn't mean it.

Kailangan natin pagisipan ng mabuti at magingat sa lahat ng ating ginagawang plano upang hindi tayo magsisi sa huli. Tulad nalang ni Rizal na may Delikadesa at hinayaan niya nalang si Segunda Katigbak dahil siya ay ikakasal na kay Don Manuel Luz

Dr. Jose Rizal did the right thing to do. Because he knows that Segunda was already engaged.

Rizal was once indeed young, carefree and inlove. Despite of being head over heels to Segunda Katigbak he was able to prove that he is man with dignity at a young age, for as soon as he heard that Segunda is engaged he did the right thing to let go of the girl and give way to the man who respectfully owes Segunda.

Siguro hindi talaga sila para sa isa't isa may plano si God para sa kanila. Naging tunay na lalaki pa rin si Dr. Rizal kase di nya inagaw si Segunda sa nobyo niya.

Siguro hindi talaga sila para sa isa't isa may plano si God para sa kanila. Naging tunay na lalaki pa rin si Dr. Rizal kase di nya inagaw si Segunda sa nobyo niya.

I think Rizal will still get involve with other girl's. Because they were still young that time, and only few couples stay strong with that age.

Kung sana sinabi ni Rizal yung 3 romantic words na hinihintay ni Katigbak,siguro ipinaglaban sya ni Katigbak.Maaaring di na din itinuloy ni Katigbak ang pagpapakasal kay Luz.:)

For me, Jose Rizal used his mind over heart because he knew that Segunda was already engaged so he had no reasons to court her. But I agree that it's Rizal's first love but unfortunately it didn't succeeded.

because of being reluctant lover Jose Rizal was not able to tell Segunda that he loves her, instead he chose to be man of delicadeza.

Dr. Jose P. Rizal is gentleman, because Segunda is already engaged with Manual Luz so that Dr. Jose Rizal did not say that he love her..

kahangahanga ang ginawa ni rizal.

i don't think that Jose Rizal have felt a "puppy love" on Segunda, it's just an infatuation.I think that he felt something just by looking at Segunda's physical appearances.

Kaya siguro hindi tinuloy ni rizal ang pag ibig nya kay katigbak. Kasi alam nyang engage na ito at para di na mag karoon ng gulo kung sakaling tinuloy nya ang pag ibig na nararamdaman nya.

Sa naging desiyon ni Rizal ay nagparaya siya dahil sa pagmamahal niya kay Segunda. Kung ako si Rizal ay maaaring ganun din ang magiging desisyon ko dahil alam niya na may iba ng pakakasalan si Segunda na si Manuel Luz.

Tama lang ang naging desisyon ni Segunda katigbak, dahil maaring magkaroon ng kaguluhan at pag aaway sa pagitan ng kanilang pamilya ni Manuel Luz. Ginawa niya ito kahit sakit ang magiging bunga sa kanyang sarili.

Tingin ko dahil sa mga pang yayaring ito madaming bagay ang natutunan ni rizal. Katulad nalang ng pag paparaya niyo sa kanyang minamahal.

In my opinion, Rizal's affair with Segunda Katigbak was first of his critical decisions. He stood in the crossroads where he is to choose between his happiness or goals.

Kahit alam na ni Rizal na ikakasal na si Segunda ay nagawa niya parin na dalawin palagi ito sa paaralan na pinapasukan ni Segunda,sa kadahilanang may gusto si Rizal kay Segunda. Nirespeto ni Rizal ang pagmamahalan ni Segunda at Manuel Luz kaya hindi niya ito ipinaglaban kahit alam natin na gusto niya talaga si Segunda.

Sana nag confess na lang si jose rizal kay Segunda Katigbak kasi yun na yung pinakahuling step niya bilang isang lalaki. Pag nalaman naman yun ni Segunda ay siya na ang bahalang magdesisyon kung itutuloy niya ang kanyang pagpapakasal kay Don Manuel Luz y Metra.

Kahit alam na ni Rizal na ikakasal na si Segunda ay nagawa niya parin na dalawin ito palagi sa paaralan. Dahil ikakasal na si Segunda nagawa niya na isuko ang nararamdaman niya rito, upang wala ng mangyaring gulo.

They have mutual feelings for each other .. In my opinion Rizal didn't give any signs of love knowing that Segunda Katigbak was already engaged to somebody named Manuel Luz.

Jose Rizal's first love Segunda Katigbak is a very intelligent and attractive woman. No wonder, Rizal fell inlove with her accordingly. Their love on each other is significant because thy showed affection and empathy that not everyone can show.

si bonifacio ako/

Segunda Katigbak showed that she feels the same for Rizal, and even though she is engaged to Don Manuel, she might have joined Rizal if he wasn't "torpe." I think all that Segunda needed to hear was "I LOVE YOU."

kahit pa sabihing babaero si Rizal tao lang din siyang nagkakamali

Yes... Because Dr. Jose Rizal is a traveler and a lot of girls he meet to every country he go...

Sa aking pagbabasa nang kanilang istorya ng pag-iibigan. Maari lamang silang magkatuluyan kung hindi engage si Segunda sa iba. Pero sa aking palagay, kung hindi nakatakda kung sino papakasaalan ni Segunda, maari silang magkatuluyan ni Jose Rizal. Magkakaroon sila ng masayang pamilya at mga anak. At sakanilang pag-iibigan marahil ay hindi magiging madali para sakanila ang lahat sapagkat sa mga tungkulin ni Rizal sa bayan.

Kahanga hanga ang ginawa ni Dr. Jose Rizal. Dahil pinairal nya ang pagkadelikadesa at pag respeto.

Pagdating sa pag-ibig kasama rito ang pagpaparaya. Sa ginawa ni Dr. Jose Rizal pinapakita niya rito ang kanyang delikadesa.

Rizal was once indeed young, carefree and inlove. Despite of being head over heels to Segunda Katigbak he was able to prove that he is a man with dignity at a young age, for as soon as He heard that Segunda is engaged ,Rizal did the right thing to let go of the girl and give way to the man who respectfully owes Segunda.

Rizal was once indeed young, carefree and inlove. Despite of being head over heels to Segunda Katigbak he was able to prove that he is a man with dignity at a young age, for as soon as He heard that Segunda is engaged ,Rizal did the right thing to let go of the girl and give way to the man who respectfully owes Segunda.

Rizal was once indeed young, carefree and inlove. Despite of being head over heels to Segunda Katigbak he was able to prove that he is a man with dignity at a young age, for as soon as He heard that Segunda is engaged ,Rizal did the right thing to let go of the girl and give way to the man who respectfully owes Segunda.

Naging torpe rin pala ang ating pambansang bayani

I did not expect that Dr. Jose Rizal our hero is a reluctant lover. I saw the humility, understanding and respect of Rizal when Segunda Katigbak decided to get married to Don Manuel Luz y Metra.

Minsan kahit pa ang matalino ay nagiging mahina pagdating sa pag-ibig, tulad ni Jose Rizal. Hinahangaan ko si Rizal dahil mas pinahalagahan niya ang kanyan delicadeza kaysa sa nararamdaman niya.

Jose Rizal had shown his delicadeza by trying not to be in a relationship with Segunda since she is already engaged. It was an act of a true hero for he was able to sacrifice his feelings for the better good.

Minsan kahit pa ang matalinong tao ay nagiging mahina sa pag-ibig, tulad ni Jose Rizal. Hinahangaan ko si Rizal dahil mas pinapahalagahan niya ang delikcadeza niya kaysa sa nararamdaman niya para kay Segunda.

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