On being an Accountancy Major: The meaning of success

Shiela Mae Camacho, the contributor, also uses the name Shiela Ocampo. (You, too, can have your articles published here. Send them through e-mail to OurHappySchool@yahoo.com)

TWENTY TWO GASOLINE STATIONS, four malls, four wet markets and almost 1.5 thousand houses. That's the view I regularly see whenever I go to school. Nineteen kilometers, one hour of journey.
           But, why in the world I became this? Studying in a university with a course I never dreamed of?
            ... I took the entrance exam of an engineering university where I planned to take up BS Architecture... However, even though I passed the examination, my parents sent me to my current school. There's no Architecture here that's why I took a business course, BS Accountancy ...


15 interesting information about Stamp Collection

Dianne de Guzman Perlas, the contributor, likes Sarah Geronimo. (You, too, can have your articles published here. Send them through e-mail to OurHappySchool@yahoo.com)
1. Stamp Collecting is widely known as “The king of Hobbies and the Hobby of Kings”, even though Kings and Maharajas have now become a historical object.  The last three kings of England were keen collectors as is the present Queen.
2. The world's largest post office is the head post office in Chicago, Illinois.
3. The smallest post office in the world is located in Ochopee, Florida ...


On Excision

PHILOSOPHY PROFESSOR at University of Alabama at Birmingham James Rachels (1941-2003), in his book The Elements of Moral Philosophy (3rd Edition, USA: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 1999) discusses the case of a 17-year old girl in relation to the practice called “excision” in her native country of Togo in West Africa.
          As reported by the New York Times in a series of articles (mainly by Celia W. Dugger), Fauziya Kassindja arrived at Newark International Airport in 1996 and asked for asylum. She escaped from her country to avoid the permanently disfiguring procedure that is sometimes called “female circumcision.”
          Bearing little resemblance to the Jewish ritual of circumcision, excision is more commonly referred to as “genital mutilation” in Western newspapers. According to the World Health Organization, the practice is widespread in 26 African nations, and two million girls each year are “excised.” In some instances, excision is part of an elaborate tribal ritual, performed in small traditional villages, and girls look forward to it because it signals their acceptance into the adult world. In other instances, the practice is carried out by families living in cities on young women who desperately resist.
            Fauziya Kassindja was the youngest of five daughters in a devout Muslim family. Her father, who owned a successful trucking business, was opposed to excision, and was able to defy the tradition because of his wealth. His first four daughters were married without being mutilated. But when Fauziya was 16, he suddenly died. When Fauziya’s marriage was arranged, preparations to have her excised were also done. Fauziya was terrified, and her mother and oldest sister helped her to escape. Her mother, left without resources, eventually had to formally apologize and submit to the authority of the patriarch she had offended.


Subscribing to Cultural Relativism: Pros and Cons

Subscribing to Cultural Relativism: Pros and Cons
© 2010 by Jensen DG. Mañebog


The Cultural Differences Argument: An analysis

The Cultural Differences Argument: An analysis

© 2010 by Jensen DG. Mañebog

Editors' note: You, too, can have your lectures, readings, researches, articles, etc. posted here. Send them through e-mail to OurHappySchool@yahoo.com.

THE THEORY called Cultural Relativism, which claims that there is no objective universal truth in morality, puts forward an argument which Philosophy professor James Rachels named as the Cultural Differences Argument:
          Different cultures have different moral codes.
          Therefore, there is no objective “truth” in morality. Right and wrong are only matters of opinion, and opinions vary from culture to culture ...


20 Facts about Ethics

THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS depict the development in the study of morality (Ethics) throughout history. Focused on atheistic ethics and God-based morality, some of these propositions mention of various philosophers and other thinkers who advocate either of the mentioned moral stands.
... 15. Charles Darwin propelled the abandonment of God and revelation by attempting to show that God was not even necessary in the creation of living things.
16. Friederich Nietzsche aimed to highlight the ethical implications of Darwinism; his "superman" concept transformed man into the maker of his own destiny, and Man became the measure of all things. As his "madman" said, “God is dead!” ...


Why Boyfriends and Girlfriends find it hard to talk to each other

EDITOR'S NOTE: You, too, can have your articles published here. Send them through e-mail to OurHappySchool@yahoo.com)

THERE’S A SERIOUS CRISIS in communication between girlfriends and their respective boyfriends. In fact, this is also playing havoc with marriage.

Deborah Tannen, a best-selling author and expert in interpersonal communication, explains that this crisis is best represented by “the stereotypical cartoon scene of a man sitting at the breakfast table with a newspaper held up in front of his face, while a woman glares at the back of it, wanting to talk.” It is observed that although men tend to talk more than women in public situations, they often talk less when with girlfriend or wife and not with other people. This often becomes a crucial problem because “most wives [and girlfriends] want their husbands [boyfriends] to be, first and foremost, conversational partners, but few [of them] share this expectation of their [partners].”

Notes in Ethics: Theist's Explanation of Moral Obligation's Binding Force


1. GENERALLY, ALL MEN HAVE the moral experience of feeling obligated.

2. The “binding force” and “overriding character” of the moral obligation are attributed to God who is man’s creator and thus the cause of man’s moral dimension.  


Notes in Ethics: Secularist's Explanation of Some Ethical Facts

THE FOLLOWING are the summary and analysis of the ways secularists explain some principles in Ethics such as the existence of moral law and the binding force of moral obligation.

1. ‘Sense of moral obligation is just the effect of social conditioning’

·  Richard Robinson: “The original conscience… is a set of taboos and compulsions, acquired from…associates …” (An Atheist’s Values. 1964, p. 110).

·  “The demands of conscience are due tosociety because society expresses disapproval of certain actions.”


·  It is the intellect which can be molded or (socially) conditioned.

·  The “sense of moral obligation” cannot be explained sufficiently by social conditioning—for there are innumerable situations where a person, although feeling a desire from society to adopt a certain course, feels the moral obligation to assume a course altogether different.


Notes in Ethics: 7 Characteristics of a Good Moral Theory



1. A good ethical theory is able to satisfactorily explain why people experience a sense of moral obligation.

2. It is able to account for the moral obligations’ “binding force” and “overriding character.”

3. The worldview endorsed by a good moral theory is capable of accounting for the moral accountability in ethics. (For, otherwise, morality would just be like promulgating a strict state law but without real sanction or punishment for the offenders. In such a condition, there would be no essential difference between following and transgressing the law.)



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