Subjectivism: Another challenge in Ethics



"...  Ethical Subjectivism is the idea that our moral opinions are based on our feelings, and nothing more. In this view, there is no such thing as “objective” right or wrong. It is a fact that some people are homosexual and some are heterosexual; but it is not a fact that one is good and the other bad. So when someone says that homosexuality is wrong, he is, according to the theory, not stating a fact about homosexuality but merely saying something about his feelings toward it ..."


Cultural Relativism: A challenge in Ethics

"... the ancient Persian King Darius was once intrigued by the diversity of customs and cultures he came across in his journeys. He had noticed, for example, that a tribe of Indians called Callatians customarily ate the corpse of their fathers. The Greeks, on the other hand, performed cremation as they considered the funeral pyre as the natural and appropriate means to dispose of the deceased ..."



Secularists' explanations on some ethical facts

AT LEAST THREE PHILOSOPHICAL CAMPS that reject “God-based morality” ([1] the non-theists, [2] those who say that there may be God but morality does not at all come from a Supernatural being, and [3] those who hold that “Godless morality” is better than “God-based morality” regardless of whether or not there is God) offer various explanations for some facts about morality. Let us check if their explanations that do away with the idea of God could really explain the ethical facts they wish to explicate.


Surrounded by those we don't perceive

NO, IT’S NOT ABOUT GHOSTS, ETs, or aliens.
          But to be direct, this article flies in the face of those who believe that what we perceive is all that exists. Or to say the least, it proves that that philosophy (empiricism) is problematic.
          If we were to tell you that, right now, there are hundreds of voices, pictures and songs filling the air around you, but you are unable to see or hear any of them, what would you think? ...


ETHICS 101: A primer

... The collapse of standards of morality observed in contemporary societies (which is the concern of today’s sociologists and social philosophers) prompts many to feel that there is a real need to rebuild the edifice of morality. That however would require that a superstructure of morality must be constructed, and in so doing, the very foundations of morality must be examined meticulously ...


'True vs. valid': An article on Logical terms

Editor’s note: Prescribing the correct technical usage of the terms ‘valid’ and ‘true’, this article by a Logic professor of a university in Manila, Philippines is helpful to anyone who wishes to be knowledgeable in reasoning. highly recommends it especially to those taking up Philosophy subjects.

Copyright 2011 by Jensen DG. Mañebog

IN ONE OF MY CLASSES IN LOGIC, the students asserted that the statement “All Hawaiians are Americans” is valid. Upon noticing the disagreement from my facial expression, some of them right away shifted to claiming that it is invalid. With slick smile, I pronounced that neither answer is correct ...



Darwinist-evolutionist worldview: some defects

Editor’s note: This article that tackles about the defects of Darwinist-evolutionist worldview especially as a foundation of a moral theory welcomes comments from evolutionists and non-evolutionists alike.

IF DARWINISM AND EVOLUTIONISM were a viable worldview worthy of being a foundation of man’s set of beliefs especially in relation to morality, then it must at least be capable of explaining the origin of life, especially that of human life. Unfortunately, nothing in evolution satisfactorily explains the origin of life.


Atheistic-naturalistic-materialistic worldview: tenable?

Editor’s note: This article that talks about the defects of atheistic-naturalistic-materialistic worldview especially as a basis of a theory in ethics welcomes comments both from atheists and theists.

AIMING TO SHOW PERHAPS that his worldview is far from being unhealthy, famous atheist Richard Dawkins affirms that atheists’ naturalism produces the “richness” in human life. He writes in The God Delusion, “What most atheists do believe is that although there is only one kind of stuff in the universe and it is physical, out of this stuff come minds, beauty, emotions, moral values—in short the full gamut of phenomena that gives richness to human life”...


What moral theory are you following?


Editor’s note: As it gives guidelines in choosing a sound moral theory to follow in one’s life, this article is helpful not only to Ethics students.

‘MORALITY’ GENERALLY REFERS to the rightness or wrongness of something, as of human actions, as judged by certain standard/s. To define it further, there is a need to discuss some of its features as a subject matter …


'Logically' Social (II)

(last of two parts)


WE WERE TAUGHT THAT IN COMMUNICATION, we use words, sentences, and paragraphs. Words compose a sentence and sentences in turn compose a paragraph. We would notice that many of our paragraphs contain reasoning which is in the form of arguments ...



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