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Paciano Rizal: Pinoy Hero's Big Brother

 © 2013 by Jensen DG. Mañebog
ON HIS ADVICE, the national hero dropped the last three names in his full name and thus enrolled at the Ateneo as ‘Jose Protasio Rizal.’
            Paciano,the second of eleven children of Don Francisco and Doña Teodora, is theonly brother of Dr. Jose Rizal. When he was a student at the College of San Jose, Paciano had used “Mercado” as his last name.But because he had gained notoriety with his links to Father Burgos of the ‘Gomburza,’ he suggested that Jose use the surname ‘Rizal’ for his own safety.

"Lola Lolay of Bahay na Bato"

TEODORA ALONZO © 2013 by Jensen DG. Mañebog
IF INTERNET’S SOCIAL MEDIA were already existing during the Philippine-American War, and somebody had posted the famous picture of the aged Doña Teodora Alonso next to the excavated skull of the national hero, there might have been an online pandemonium which could have surpassed the Gangnam Style’s record. Some consider the picture morbid, but others regard it as an indubitable manifestation of the mother’s intense love for her son.

Tiniente Kiko of Calamba

Francisco Mercado Rizal  © 2013 by Jensen DG. Mañebog
WITH MORE THAN 600 resorts in the place today, its tourism’s promoters claim that it has earned the nickname “Resort Capital of the Philippines”.
          In 1848, Jose Rizal’s parents decided to build a home in this town in Laguna, southern Luzon called Calamba. Its name was derived from "kalan-banga", which means "clay stove" (kalan) and "water jar" (banga).
          Rizal’s adoration of it’s scenic beauty—punctuated by the sights of the Laguna de Bay, Mount Makiling, palm-covered mountains, curvy hills, and green fields—was recorded in the poem he wrote in Ateneo de Manila in 1876, ‘Un Recuerdo A Mi Pueblo’ (In Memory of my Town).
          But if Rizal‘s poem were written today, he might have mentioned the three-floor SM mall, shopping centers, and the South Luzon Expressway (SLEX) terminus in the place. A city since 2001, Calamba’s most recent claim to international fame is perhaps its being the origin of Herbert Chavez, the ‘Superman’ look-alike via plastic surgery recognized by the Guinness World Records as having the largest collection of superman memorabilia.

JOSE RIZAL: From Dapitan to Bagumbayan

VARIOUS SIGNIFICANT EVENTS happened during Rizal’s Dapitan-to-Manila trip.
Leaving Dapitan for Manila on July 31, 1896, the steamer ‘España’ with Rizal as a passenger made some stopovers in various areas. In Dumaguete, Rizal had visited some friends like a former classmate from Madrid and had cured a sick Guardia Civil captain. In Cebu, he carried out four operations and gave out prescriptions to other patients. Going to Iloilo, he saw the historical Mactan island. He went shopping and was impressed by the Molo church in Iloilo. The ship then sailed to Capiz, to Romblon, and finally to Manila.

Jose Rizal's Bitter Sweet Life in Dapitan

Jose Rizal's Bitter Sweet Life in Dapitan 
© 2013 by Jensen DG. Mañebog


THE DEPORTEE could have stayed in the Dapitan parish convent should he retracted his ‘religious errors’ and made a general confession of his past life. Not willing to accede to these main conditions set by the Jesuits, Jose Rizal instead opted to live at commandant’s residence they called ‘Casa Real’.
The commandant Captain Ricardo Carnicero and Jose Rizal became good friends so much so that the exile did not feel that the captain was actually his guard. Later in his life in Dapitan, Rizal wrote a poem ‘A Don Ricardo Carnicero’ honoring the kind commandant on the occasion of his birthday on August 26, 1892.
In September 1892, Rizal and Carnicero won in a lottery. The Manila Lottery ticket no. 9736 jointly owned by Rizal, Carnicero, and a Spanish resident of Dipolog won the second prize of Php 20, 0000. Rizal used some part of his share (Php 6, 200) in procuring a parcel of land near the coast of Talisay, a barrio near Dapitan.

Jose Rizal: The Adventurous Voyager


Jose Rizal: The Adventurous Voyager
Jose Rizal’s thrilling experience during his first lake-and-river voyage perhaps inspired him to travel more.
          Riding in a ‘casco’, Jose temporarily left his hometown Calamba on June 6, 1868. He and his father went on a pilgrimage to Antipolo and afterward visited his sister Saturnina in Manila, who was at the time a student at La Concordia. Across Laguna de Bay and the Pasig River, Jose had an unforgettably amazing trip that he did not fail to record the journey in his memoir.

Jose Rizal: A Biographical Outline

THE MAN tied elbow to elbow refused the traditional blindfold and even requested to face the firing squad that would seal his fate on that day.

José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda was born on June 19, 1861, approximately 35 years before that fateful day. The seventh of the eleven children born to a relatively well-off family in a Dominican-ownedtenant land in Calamba, Laguna, Jose Rizal lived and died during the Spanish colonial era in the Philippines.

20 Things that Make France very Proud

THE NAME “FRANCE” comes from the Latin Francia, which means "country of the Franks". Franks are ancient Germanic peoplewho conquered vast areas of western Europe, taking over Gaul, the Celtic name used in antiquity for the region of France.
          Often referred to as l’Hexagone ("The Hexagon") because of its geometric shape, this largest west-European country has been historically and culturally significant in the whole world. The following are 20 things French people are very proud of ...

Photojournalism of Jose Rizal's Controversial Life

THESE PICTURES, sketches, and other images are in one way or another historically relevant to the very celebrated and mysterious, if not mythic, biography of Dr. Jose Rizal.

          Many of these images are rare, legendary, classic, and even controversial, but were nonetheless verified by authorities to be pertinent to the life of the Philippine national hero.
          Everybody is invited to provide captions for these historical images. The BEST SUGGESTED CAPTION for each image will be written below or beside the picture, together with the NAME of the ONE WHO SUBMITTED THE CAPTION ...

60 Legendary Pictures and Images in Philippine History

THE FOLLOWING ARE numerous pictures of Filipino heroes, former presidents, prominent persons in the Philippines in the past, and historically significant images. Rare and controversial as they are, many of these pictures could already be deemed as legendary and classic in Philippine history.

          Everybody is invited to provide captions for these historical images. The BEST SUGGESTED CAPTION for each image will be written below or beside the picture, together with the NAME of the ONE WHO SUBMITTED THE CAPTION ...

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