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Leonor Valenzuela and Jose Rizal's Invisible Love Letters

Nicknamed Orang, Leonor Valenzuela was commonly described as a tall girl with regal bearing who was Rizal’s province-mate. She was the daughter of Capitan Juan and Capitana Sanday Valenzuela, who were from Pagsanjan, Laguna.
Orang was Rizal’s neighbor when he boarded in the house of Doña Concha Leyva in Intramuros during his sophomore year at the Universityof Santo Tomasas medicine student. To finally move on perhaps from his unsuccessful love story with Segunda Katigbak, Rizal frequently visited Orang’s house with or without social gatherings. The proofs that Rizal indeed courted her were the love letters he sent her. His love notes were mysteriously written in invisible ink made of common table salt and water, which could be read by heating the note over a candle or lamp.

Segunda Katigbak: Jose Rizal's First Love

 Segunda Katigbak: Jose Rizal's First Love
She was Jose Rizal’s “puppy love” and with her the hero was believed to have had “love at first sight”.
Rizal was 16 years old when one Sunday in 1887 he paid visit to his maternal grandmother in Trozo, Manila and there met, among others, Segunda Katigbak, a two-year-younger-than-him ‘colegiala’. In his ‘Memorias de Un Estudiante de Manila’, Rizal graphically described her as a short lady with “eloquent eyes, rosy cheeks, and smile that reveals very beautiful teeth”. Mariano Katigbak, Segunda’s brother and Rizal’s classmate who was also in the house, probably had no idea that his friend had been experiencing “a love at first sight” being bewitched by his alluring sister.
During the 1880s, the Katigbaks of Batangas were known for their successful and very lucrative coffee industry. When Jose met Segunda, she was at the time a boarding student of La Concordia College where Rizal’s sister Olympia was also studying. Jose and Segunda got to know each other more intimately as his visits to his sister Olympia (or rather to his love interest Segunda) in La Concordia surprisingly became more frequent.

Rizal's Life, Works, and Writings: An Online Syllabus

Jose Rizal's Life, Works, and Writings: An Online Syllabus
NOTICE: The lectures/articles in this online syllabus are protected by copyright laws. Viewers (professors and students) may use them for educational but not for commercial purposes.
Rizal’s Life, Travels, and Adventures

Automated eLearning Diagnostic & Preparation: How much do you know Jose Rizal: A Fun Quiz Game*
(*Fun quiz games are teacher-friendly e-learning quizzes which students find enjoyable. They automatically check & score students' performance.)
(a biographical sketch of the hero's life)

WEEK 2-3
Automated eLearning Diagnostic & Preparation: The Life of Jose Rizal: A Fun Quiz Game
In Biñan and Manila
In Europe
Grand Europe Tour
First homecoming
Second Travel Abroad
Sail to the West
In Great Britain
In France
In Belgium
In Madrid
In Biarritz, Paris, and Brussels
In Ghent
In Hong Kong and Sandakan
Second homecoming

Campus Romance: Rizal's ladies in La Concordia (I)

© 2013 by Jensen DG. Mañebog

Editors' note: You, too, can have your lectures, readings, modules, researches, articles, etc. posted here. Send them through e-mail to OurHappySchool@yahoo.com.

... Almost everyday on my way to Paco, I trail the old and long Pedro Gil Road along which I get to see the historical La Concordia College. The emphasis is on the term “historical”, for indeed this institution founded in 1868 really is, as it is the alma mater of Jose Rizal’s sister Olimpia, of his youngest sister Soledad, of his “first” love, and of his so called “true” love ...

History: Interesting and Fascinating (quiz on the two great World Wars)

History: The Two Great World Wars (quiz)

Lessons about history are both interesting and fascinating. Learning is much easier when able to understand the events and reasons beyond a situation or a concept in the past. History is interesting for it uncovers things that are unknown to most of the people and the forgotten memories of the past. It gives humanity lessons that has been tested and hardened by time. History is fascinating because of some events might just give astonishment to many who never thought of things happened in the past which actually did. People’s knowledge of our history is minimal, that is why for those who acknowledges this reality should at least contribute for benefitting the many.

As a lover of history, the writer would like to present a small quiz on the two great world wars. It provides facts that contributed the face of the reality of today. These events are important and should be taught to many. The writer encourages every reader and examinee of this simple but precious quiz on the great World Wars to love history and contribute for the benefit of many.

The Importance of the Jose Rizal Subject

The Importance of the Jose Rizal Subject
© 2013 by Jensen DG. Mañebog

THE RIZAL BILL was as controversial as Jose Rizal himself.

            The mandatory Rizal subject in the Philippines was the upshot of this bill which later became a law in 1956. The bill involves mandating educational institutions in the country to offer a course on the hero’s life, works, and writings, especially the ‘Noli Me Tangere’ and ‘El Filibusterismo’. The transition from being a bill to becoming a republic act was however not easy as the proposal was met with intense opposition particularly from the Catholic Church.

Largely because of the issue, the then senator Claro M. Recto—the main proponent of the Rizal Bill—was even dubbed as a communist and an anti-Catholic. Catholic schools threatened to stop operation if the bill was passed, though Recto calmly countered the threat, stating that if that happened, then the schools would be nationalized. Afterward threatened to be punished in future elections, Recto remained undeterred.

Readings in Philippine History 101

Readings in Philippine History 101

Jose Rizal’s Relations with other Filipino Patriots and Heroes

Jose Rizal’s Relations with other Filipino Patriots and Heroes


THIS LECTURE tackles in detail Jose Rizal’s collaborations, relationship, and interaction with other Filipino heroes and patriots in his time. Among other things, this article gives us a picture of how Rizal was as a friend and compatriot especially in foreign lands.

Antonio Luna

Born on October 29, 1866in Urbiztondo, Binondo, Manila, Antonio Luna was five-year younger than Jose Rizal. Antonio was the youngest of the 7 children of Joaquin Luna and Laureana Novicio Ancheta.

Antonio received his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1881 from the Ateneo Municipal de Manila. He afterward studied literature, chemistry, and pharmacy at the University of Santo Tomas. Having superb scientific mind, his paper in chemistry ‘Two Fundamental Bodies of Chemistry’ won first prize in a contest in UST. Versatile and multi-talented, he also studied music (he was a good guitar player), as well as fencing, swordsmanship, and military science and tactics under a Spanish cavalry officer, and became a sharpshooter.

Jose Rizal’s Poems

Jose Rizal’s Poems

© 2013 by Jensen DG. Mañebog

“The Filipinos forgot their writings, their songs, their poetry, their laws in order to learn by heart other doctrines, which they did not understand.”



ONE WAY TO GAUGE a person’s life is to look at his works and writings. Poetry reveals an individual’s thoughts, hopes, dreams, aspirations, and even heartaches. The genius in Jose Rizal, our national hero, had resulted in several poems during his childhood, schooling, life struggles, and right before his martyrdom. Let us take a peek at our national hero’s poetry. (For Rizal’s poems themselves, please see “Jose Rizal’s Poems: A Compilation” through the search engine of www.OurHappySchool.com).

Refer these to your siblings/children/younger friends:

HOMEPAGE of Free NAT Reviewers by OurHappySchool.com (Online e-Learning Automated Format)

HOMEPAGE of Free UPCAT & other College Entrance Exam Reviewers by OurHappySchool.com (Online e-Learning Automated Format)


To see how our MODERN ELearning Reviewers work, please try this 5-item sample:


An Open Letter to School Principals, Teachers, and Parents

The Love Life of Jose Rizal: A Fun Quiz Game

The Love Life of Jose Rizal: A Fun Quiz Game

How to access this Automated eLearning Diagnostic & Preparation:

Go online to www.OurHappySchool.com. Through its search engine (upper right section), look for the entry “The Love Life of Jose Rizal: A Fun Quiz Game.”

Try this exciting electronic fun quiz game!

For students: Print screen your score, print the file, and submit it to your professor. Or, print and submit instead the email containing your quiz result. Have fun!

NOTE: To have an ACCESS to this e-learning material, just CLICK the FB LIKE button above (If you have not clicked yet).

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