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Efren Peñaflorida and His "Kariton Klasrum"

 “You are the change that you dream as I am the change that I dream and collectively we are the change that this world needs to be.” These words are from the CNN Hero of the Year 2009 Mr. Efren Peñaflorida of Cavite City. He came from a less fortunate family but had made a name in volunteering his own life for making a life difference in hundreds of youths in the Philippines.
The following are 10 interesting things about Efren Peñaflorida:

1. He received 10 awards before his CNN Hero of the Year Award in 2009.

2. He is the 1st Filipino to be nominated and who actually won the CNN Heroes Awards (2009). (wikipedia.org)

10 Things You Should Know About John Locke

 John Locke was born on August 29, 1632 in Wring ton, Somerset, England. He died at aged 72 on October 28, 1707. He was a 17th century philosopher, and had a brainy quotation that “Education begins the gentleman, but reading, a good company and reflection must finish him”.
The following are some interesting facts about John Locke

1. John Locke believed in the middle class and its right to freedom of the inner voice, and its property. (answer.com)

2. Locke's greatest philosophical work, “An essay concerning Human Understanding” is generally seen as a defining work of seventeenth-century empiricist epistemology and metaphysics. (Stanford encyclopedia)

Segunda Katigbak: Jose Rizal's First Love

 Segunda Katigbak: Jose Rizal's First Love
She was Jose Rizal’s “puppy love” and with her the hero was believed to have had “love at first sight”.
Rizal was 16 years old when one Sunday in 1887 he paid visit to his maternal grandmother in Trozo, Manila and there met, among others, Segunda Katigbak, a two-year-younger-than-him ‘colegiala’. In his ‘Memorias de Un Estudiante de Manila’, Rizal graphically described her as a short lady with “eloquent eyes, rosy cheeks, and smile that reveals very beautiful teeth”. Mariano Katigbak, Segunda’s brother and Rizal’s classmate who was also in the house, probably had no idea that his friend had been experiencing “a love at first sight” being bewitched by his alluring sister.
During the 1880s, the Katigbaks of Batangas were known for their successful and very lucrative coffee industry. When Jose met Segunda, she was at the time a boarding student of La Concordia College where Rizal’s sister Olympia was also studying. Jose and Segunda got to know each other more intimately as his visits to his sister Olympia (or rather to his love interest Segunda) in La Concordia surprisingly became more frequent.

10 Interesting Things About Henry Sidgwick

   Henry Sidgwick is one of the most influential ethical philosophers of the Victorian era, and his work continues to exert a powerful influence on Anglo-American ethical and political theory.
            Here are some of the interesting things about him:

1.Henry Sidgwick was born on May 31, 1838 at Skipton in Yorkshire. He was a British philosopher, politician, poet, political historian, literary critic, parapsychologist, and educational theorist. He is founder of the Cambridge school of philosophy, Cambridge school of economics, and Cambridge school of political theory. (plato.stanford.edu)

2. He was a famous teacher. He was deeply interested in psychical phenomena, but his energies were primarily devoted to the study of religion and philosophy. (wikipedia.org)

The El Filibusterismo

© 2013 by Jensen DG. Mañebog

El Filibusterismo’ is Jose Rizal’s second novel written as the sequel of his ‘Noli Me Tangere’. Commonly nicknamed ‘El Fili’ or simply ‘Fili’, the novel was written also in Spanish. Its commonly known English alternative title is ‘The Reign of Greed’.

The writing and printing of Fili

Rizal started writing El Filibusterismo in October 1887 in Calamba during his first homecoming. The novel was thus written against the background of threats and oppressions he and his family suffered because of the Noli and the so-called Calamba agrarian trouble.

He continued working on it, making some revisions, in London in 1888. Rizal then went on to write the novel in Paris, and then in Brussels where distractions were less and the cost of living was cheaper. Being able to focus on finishing the book, Rizal had finally completed it by March 29, 1891 in Biarritz.

The Noli Me Tangere

© 2013 by Jensen DG. Mañebog

COMPRISING 63 CHAPTERS and an epilogue, Jose Rizal’s first novel ‘Noli Me Tangere’ exposes the abuses and inequities of many Spanish Catholic friars and government officials during his time.

Rizal was a student of medicine in the Universidad Central de Madrid when he started writing it and was 26 years old at its publication.

The author fittingly dedicated the novel to the country of his people whose miseries and sorrows he brought to light in an attempt to awaken them to the truths concerning the ills of their society. Paradoxically though, the novel was originally written in Spanish, the language of the colonizers and the educated at that time.

Published in early 1887 in Europe, the novel is now commonly called by its shortened name ‘Noli’; its English translation is usually titled ‘Touch Me not’ and ‘The Social Cancer’. The Latin title which means ‘Touch me not’ was taken from Christ’s words. In a letter to Felix Hidalgo, Rizal however made a mistake in attributing the quotation to the Gospel of Luke, for it was in fact recorded in John 20:17: “Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father.”

Jose Rizal's Education

Jose Rizal's Education

THE FAMILIAR STATEMENT that Doña Teodora was Rizal’s first teacher is not just a sort of ‘venerating’ his mother who sacrificed a lot for our hero. It was a technical truth. In his memoirs, Rizal wrote, “My mother taught me how to read and to say haltingly the humble prayers which I raised fervently to God.”

Education in Calamba
In Rizal’s time, seldom would one see a highly educated woman of fine culture like Doña Teodora who had the capacity to teach Spanish, reading, poetry, and values through rare story books. Under her supervision, Rizal had thus learned the alphabet and the prayers at the age of three.

Rizal's Life, Works, and Writings: An Online Syllabus

Jose Rizal's Life, Works, and Writings: An Online Syllabus
NOTICE: The lectures/articles in this online syllabus are protected by copyright laws. Viewers (professors and students) may use them for educational but not for commercial purposes.
Rizal’s Life, Travels, and Adventures

Automated eLearning Diagnostic & Preparation: How much do you know Jose Rizal: A Fun Quiz Game*
(*Fun quiz games are teacher-friendly e-learning quizzes which students find enjoyable. They automatically check & score students' performance.)
(a biographical sketch of the hero's life)

WEEK 2-3
Automated eLearning Diagnostic & Preparation: The Life of Jose Rizal: A Fun Quiz Game
In Biñan and Manila
In Europe
Grand Europe Tour
First homecoming
Second Travel Abroad
Sail to the West
In Great Britain
In France
In Belgium
In Madrid
In Biarritz, Paris, and Brussels
In Ghent
In Hong Kong and Sandakan
Second homecoming

DIVORCE BILL: Online Survey and Open Friendly Debate

"DIVORCE (OR THE DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGE) is the final termination of a marital union, canceling the legal duties and responsibilities of marriage and dissolving the bonds of matrimony between the parties. In most countries divorce requires the sanction of a court or other authority in a legal process. The legal process for divorce may also involve issues of spousal support, child custody, child support, distribution of property and division of debt.
          "... the Philippines and the Vatican City are the only sovereign states where divorce is prohibited ..."

RH Bill: Online Voting and Open Friendly Debate

ONE CONGRESSMAN FROM MANILA cited the Bible verse which reads, “Then God blessed them, and God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply” (Gen 1:28). In effect, he is asking why the RH Bill should be approved when it contradicts God's will.
          The proponent of the Bill, on his part, questioned the interpolator’s incomplete citing of the verse. He claimed that should the verse be continued, it also mentions of subduing or controlling, thus, "Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it…”. ...

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