Lecture on Morale and Motivation

MORALE AND MOTIVATION AT WORK

CHAPTER OUTLINE:

Morale And Job Satisfaction

Basic Factors Influencing Employee Morale

Performance Based Rewards

Factors Influencing Motivation

Suggestions for Motivating Employees

Things to Consider in Motivation

Two Approaches to Work Motivation

Rewards and Performance at Group Level


Morale and Job Satisfaction

Monitoring job satisfaction is important both to the supervisor and the HRD. The effects of many human resource strategies are examined with respect to their impact on job satisfaction. Morale is the mental attitude which makes the individual performs his work either willingly and enthusiastically or poorly and reluctantly. Employee morale is an attitude, a state of mind, cannot be seen but is manifested by the employee’s manner and reactions to his job, his work condition, the company policies and program, his colleagues, his immediate boss, his pay, and the like. Morale is present in varying degrees and is generally viewed as an important indications of how well things are going.

Individuals differ in how they respond to the conditions of work. While some employees may be highly satisfied with a particular job, other employees may find the same conditions extremely dissatisfying . An important issue surrounding every human resource activity is how it will influence the level of morale  of employees.

Will morale increase or decrease as a result of a different recruiting strategy, a better benefit package, a new training program, or some other changes in human resource practices?

Low morale contributes to labor problems, attempts to organize labor unions, excessive turnover, labor grievances, and organizational climate.

Grievances, absenteeism, and turnover are frequently used as indirect measures of employee morale.


Basic Factors Influencing Employee Morale

1.Non – work related factors – age, sex, and work value – influenced the attitude of an employee about things around him.

2.Management practices or the qualitative aspects of the job – supervisors who are fair, considerate, and competent generally create positive feelings of satisfaction with supervision.

3.Outside factors – the frustration and difficulties people face in their personal lives have contributed to the general decline in job satisfaction throughout the work force.

4.State of Communication – practicing upward, downward, and lateral communication encourage employees to participate and get involved thereby promoting  teamwork and harmony among all the employees.

Motivation for Performance

Motivation is defined as the willingness to exert high levels of effort to reach organizational goals, conditioned by the effort’s ability to satisfy some individual needs. It is the feeling that prompts people to do what they need to do. The effort element is a measure of intensity or drive.

The task of management is to arouse and maintain the interests of its employees to work willingly and enthusiastically to achieve the company’s goals.

Performance – based Rewards

Specifically, organizations want employees to perform at relatively high levels and need to make it worth their efforts to do so. When rewards are associated with higher levels of performance, employees will presumably be motivated to work harder to achieve those awards.

Factors Influencing Motivation

Individual Differences – One employee may be motivated by money and go for a high – paying job while another may be motivated by security and accept a lower paying job that involves few risk of unemployment.

Job Characteristics – the aspects of the position that determine its limitations and challenge. These include: variety of skills required to do the job, degree to which the employee can do the entire task from start to finish, significance attributed to the job, autonomy, and the type and extent of performance feedback that an employee receives.

Organizational Practices – policies defining benefits and rewards can attract new employees and keep existing employees happy.

Suggestions for Motivating Employees

Recognize individual differences. Accept the different needs, attitudes, personality and other factors which affects employee’s level of motivation.

Match people to job. The jobs that are most attractive and motivating to employees  are the jobs with higher growth needs.

Use goals. Manager should ensure that employees have hard specific goals and feedback on how well they’re doing in pursuit of those goals.

Ensure that goals are perceived as attainable. Employee’s effort will be reduced if goals are not attainable.

Individualize rewards. Because employees have different needs, what acts as a reinforcer for one may not be for another.

Link rewards to performance. Key rewards such as pay increase and promotions should be given to serve as incentive to the employees to attain their specific goals.

Check the system for equity. This simply means that experience, ability, effort, and other obvious inputs should explain differences in pay, responsibility, and other outcomes.

Don’t ignore money. Allocation of performance – based wage increase, piecework bonuses, and other pay incentives is important in determining employee motivation.

Things to Consider in Motivation

1.Most managers think money is the top motivator but it is not. More than anything else, employees want to be valued for a job well done by those they hold in high esteem although one cannot ignore money.

2.Things that are the most motivating to employees tend to be relatively easy to do and cost the least. Personally recognizing employees’ accomplishments can be easy to do. (a personal thank you, public praise)

3.The greatest impact is using formal awards comes from their symbolic value. The recognition value, that is, the intangible, symbolic, and emotional value, of any award is by far the most motivating aspect for employees.

4.Recognizing performance will result in more of that behavior and that is also when it means the most to employees.

5.Managers do not tend to focus on employee motivation until it is lost. Managers are often busy focusing on what is urgent and forget about regularly motivating and recognizing employees. Regenerating poor morale is much more difficult than doing little things along the way to keep it high.

Two Approaches to Work Motivation

CONTENT APPROACH

Hierarchy of Needs Theory by Abraham Maslow – the best known theory of motivation. Maslow hypothesized that people have a complex set of five categories of needs which he arranged in order of primacy. He suggested that, as a person satisfies each level of needs, motivation shifts to satisfying the next higher level of needs.

Physiological Needs – food, clothing, shelter, and other physical requirements. This simply means that the primary motivation of a hungry person is to obtain food rather than gain recognition of achievements.

Security or safety needs – protection from physical and emotional harm. Workers express this desires in the form of having a stable job, with medical, unemployment, and retirement benefits.

Affiliation or Social Needs – the desire for affection, belongingness, acceptance, love, and friendship. Employees with high affiliation needs enjoy working closely with others.

Esteem needs – the desire for self respect, a sense of personal achievement, status, recognition, and attention from others. To satisfy these needs, people seek opportunities for achievement, prestige, promotion, and status to show their competence and worth.

Self – actualization needs – the desire for personal growth to achieve one’s potential and self – fulfillment. Traits commonly exhibited include initiative, spontaneity, and problem – solving ability.

This theory can be applied in organizations by taking note of the fact that unless an organization helps employees satisfy the two lower level needs, addressing the three higher level needs would not influence on-the-job behavior. Therefore, managers must continually re-evaluate what motivates their subordinates and how to motivate them.

Clay Alderfer ERG Model

Instead of five categories of needs, this model specifies a hierarchy of three needs categories

Existence Needs – desires for materials and physical well being (lowest level need)

Relatedness Needs – desires to establish and maintain interpersonal relationships with other people.

Growth Needs – desires to be creative, to make useful and productive contributions, and to have opportunities for personal development.

This theory can be applied by managers by knowing that when employees are frustrated in fulfilling their needs, managers should try to determine the cause of the frustration and if possible, work to remove blockages to need satisfaction. If blockages cannot be removed, managers should try to redirect the employees’ behavior toward satisfying a lower level need.

David McClelland’s Three Needs Theory

This theory proposed that there are three major motives or needs in work situations:

Need for Achievement – drive to excel, to achieve in relation to a set of standards or in competitive situations, to strive to succeed.

Need for Power – drive to influence and control others and the social environment.

Need for Affiliation – drive for friendly and close interpersonal relationships with others.

This theory can be applied in organizations by making an assessment of what drives the employee to work. Those who are achievement – oriented can succeed in an increasingly competitive business world while those who are affiliation motivated can easily work together in teams; self – managed teams, who must work together daily to produce a product.

Frederick Herzberg’s Motivation Hygiene Theory

This theory suggests that distinct kind of experience produce job satisfaction (motivators) and job dissatisfactions (hygiene factors)

Motivator Factors – the factors associated with positive feelings about the job and job characteristics such as challenge of the work itself, responsibility, recognition, achievement, advancement, and growth when present should create high levels of motivation.

Hygiene Factors – are the factors that eliminate dissatisfaction. There refer to characteristics of the work environment outside the work such as working condition, company policies, supervision, co-workers, salary, and job security, that when adequate, maintain a reasonable level of satisfaction but do not necessarily increase it.

This theory can be applied by not only focusing or relying on hygiene factors to motivate employees but on what Herzberg  calls the real motivators to solve human resource problems such as grievances, low productivity, and the like. This theory shows how important it is that managers understand differences between human beings when designing motivational approaches.

PROCESS APPROACH

Victor Vroom’s Expectancy Theory

This is based on the assumption that people choose among alternative behaviors because they anticipate that a particular behaviors will lead to one or more desired outcomes and that other behaviors will lead to undesirable outcomes.  This include three variable or relationship:

Expectancy or effort – performance linkage – probability perceived by the individual that exerting a given amount of effort would lead to a certain level of performance

Instrumentality or performance reward linkage – the degree to which the individual believes that performing at a particular level is instrumental in leading to the attainment of a desired outcome

Valence or attractiveness of reward – the importance that the individual places on the potential outcome or reward that can be achieved on the job.

This theory can be applied in organizations by determining the rewards that each employee value, clear identification of the desired level of performance, and making sure that it is attainable. Rewards should be linked to performance, and making sure that rewards are adequate.

John Stacey Adams Equity Theory

This theory is based on the assumption that a major factor in job satisfaction is the individual’s evaluation of the equity or fairness of the reward received.

Equity is defined as a ratio between the individual’s job inputs (such as effort or skill) and job rewards (such as pay and promotion). This means that individuals are motivated when they experience satisfaction with what they receive from an effort in proportion to the effort they apply and then comparing their rewards to the rewards others are receiving.

This theory can be applied by taking note the fact that inequities usually occur with respect to promotions, salary increases, perquisites and other human resource actions in organizations. Thus, managers must strive to treat all organization’s members fairly by effectively communicating with them.

B.F. Skinner’s Reinforcement Theory

This theory is based on the “law and effect”, the idea that behavior with positive consequences tends to be repeated, while behavior with negative consequences tends not to be repeated. This may expressed as follows:

Stimulus (Situation)    >>>> 

Response (Behavior)   >>>>  

Consequences (Rewards or Punishment)    >>>>  

Future Response                                                  

To illustrate, if one receives a reward (i.e. bonus, compliment, or a promotion) for superior performance, one is likely to continue performing well in anticipation of future rewards while if the consequences are unpleasant (i.e. management’s disapproval or demotion), one tends to modify the behavior.

This theory can be applied by using positive reinforcement to influence work behavior. This can be done through the use of the following guidelines:

1.Do not reward all individual equally.

2.Telling employees what they can do to receive reinforcement

3.Telling what they are doing wrong

4.Not punishing employees in front of others

5.Being fair to all

Edwin Locke’s Goal Setting Theory

This assumes that specific goals increase performance, and when difficult goals, when accepted, result in higher performance than easy goals. Individuals are motivated when they behave in ways that move them to certain clear goals that they accept and can reasonably expect to attain.

Christopher Early and Christine Shalley describe the goal setting process in terms of four phases of a person’s reasoning:

1.Establishment of standards to be attained

2.Evaluation of whether the standards can be achieved

3.Evaluation whether the standards match personal goals

4.The standards are accepted, the goal is thereby set, and behavior proceeds towards the goal

This theory can be applied by establishing goals that are specific and challenging, and by letting employees participate in setting goals. Employees need accurate feedback on their performance to help them adjust their work methods when necessary and to encourage them to persists in working toward goals.

Rewards and Performance a Group Level

Most people suggest that performance in an organization is determined by three things:ability to perform, the environmental context of performance, and themotivation to perform.

Ability to perform is handled primarily through the organization’s selection and training mechanisms. That is, the organization should ensure that it hires only people who have the ability to perform at the expected level.

 

Question for Discussion (Answer at least 1 question)

Please write your answer on the comment section.

1. Is the success of superior/colleagues a motivator or de-motivator? Discuss

2. Do you find that motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people?Defend your answer.

3. What role do teachers play in motivating students? What role do students play in motivating teachers?

 

About the Author:

Rebecca Mauhay Nunesca is a Professional Industrial Engineer, and an ASEAN Engineer currently connected at Batangas State University as Faculty Staff in the IE department. She is presently enrolled at Rizal Technological University taking MS Engineering Education, major in Industrial Engineering.

References:

Corpuz, Cristina Rafol, Ph.D. Human Resource Management (Revised Edition) Philippine Copyright, 2006 by Rex Book Store, Inc.

Medina, Roberto G., Engineering Management First Edition, Copyriight 1999, Rex Book Store Inc., Manila.

Subjects:

Comments

Motivation of students in studying and learning plays a significant role on how a student will succeed on his profession or career someday. But being a motivated student is not easy. The process of achieving this kind of attitude is complicated and requires longer period especially if the student encounters numerous kinds of problems while studying. Here is where the significance of motivation takes place. Different factors are considered in motivating a student. Teachers are one of these determinant factors. The role of the teachers does not stop in four corners of the classroom where they introduce new lessons to the students. They also serve as a second mother, a counsel, and a guide who boost the motivation of students. In lieu of this, teachers prepare realistic, strategic and relevant challenges for the students toward effective and individual goal establishment. These goals motivate students to perform at their best which in turn develop their well-being. Moreover, guidance, love and affection a student receives from a teacher may also aid positive reinforcement of motivation. Likewise, students play a significant role in motivating teachers. Aside from their families, students are the life of every teacher. Students inspire teachers to practice excellence in the job in many ways. For example, when teachers see students’ appreciation of their hardwork and sacrifices, it increases their self-esteem. Along with this, they are motivated to perform at their finest. Learning is a continuous two-way process. As the teacher teaches students about life, students teach teachers life. When students impart their lives and stories, teachers are touched and learn various lessons in life. Subconsciously, it motivates them to help students achieve their goals which in turn gives them fulfillment and satisfaction.

Motivation of students in studying and learning plays a significant role on how a student will succeed on his profession or career someday. But being a motivated student is not easy. The process of achieving this kind of attitude is complicated and requires longer period especially if the student encounters numerous kinds of problems while studying. Here is where the significance of motivation takes place. Different factors are considered in motivating a student. Teachers are one of these determinant factors. The role of the teachers does not stop in four corners of the classroom where they introduce new lessons to the students. They also serve as a second mother, a counsel, and a guide who boost the motivation of students. In lieu of this, teachers prepare realistic, strategic and relevant challenges for the students toward effective and individual goal establishment. These goals motivate students to perform at their best which in turn develop their well-being. Moreover, guidance, love and affection a student receives from a teacher may also aid positive reinforcement of motivation. Likewise, students play a significant role in motivating teachers. Aside from their families, students are the life of every teacher. Students inspire teachers to practice excellence in the job in many ways. For example, when teachers see students’ appreciation of their hardwork and sacrifices, it increases their self-esteem. Along with this, they are motivated to perform at their finest. Learning is a continuous two-way process. As the teacher teaches students about life, students teach teachers life. When students impart their lives and stories, teachers are touched and learn various lessons in life. Subconsciously, it motivates them to help students achieve their goals which in turn gives them fulfillment and satisfaction.

In my perception, there is a big role a teacher plays in motivating his student and also a student plays in motivating his teacher. Why? Because both of them might affect each others performance. For example if a teacher comes in class unprepared with his lesson, he might not catch the attention of his students. The students will not be interested to what he is saying or discussing. Moreover, a teacher must be a good example to his student. He must show equality and fairness in all task or activities that he will give to students. He must also check the things his students does for them to know that their efforts are not wasted. He must be a good role model first before he can encourage his student to be one. A student can be motivated when he learn first to respect his teacher. With that respect, motivation will start. On the other hand, the student must show respect and interest in what the teacher does in order to show appreciation to it. The teacher can be motivated if he knows his students are willing to learn and appreciate what he teaches. The student must follow all instructions and tasks given by his teacher in the best that he can. In this manner, a student shows his willingness to gain knowledge and to develop as a good individual. To summarize it, both party must show motivation cause they can influence each other.

Motivation is defined as the willingness to exert high levels of effort to reach organizational goals, conditioned by the effort’s ability to satisfy some individual needs. It is the feeling that prompts people to do what they need to do. The effort element is a measure of intensity or drive. It is indeed that motivated people tend to be more successful than those people who aren't. Motivated people put more efforts and hardwork in performing and accomplishing the tasks given to them. Those people will receive positive outcome in return because they have done all their best in accomplishing the given tasks. These outcomes are what they'll call their "fruits of labor." On the other hand, if a person is unmotivated to do a certain job, he would just do the job inefficiently and ineffectively. They will just do their job for the sake of finishing it so they'll put less efforts and will show hesitance in performing it. With this, motivated people will become more successful and will live a comfortable life in the future.

I do find motivated people more successful than unmotivated ones. With the willingness to learn, motivated people have the ability to surpass any challenges they may encounter. A person, who does not have that high skill but has the highest willingness or motivation, has the possibility to learn and be promoted. At the same time, he may be considered successful for meeting the goals of his life. However, if a person does not have the willingness to learn, even the greatest teacher could not teach him. Therefore, it may be said that he’s not open for promotion.

I strongly believe that motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people. Goal setting and accomplishment sets motivated people apart from unmotivated people. When people have no motivation, they will not accomplish the task assigned to them to their full potential. People that uses the best of their ability tends work efficiently and effectively thus creating better ideas. For some instances, there are talented people but have lack of motivation making them less efficient. Motivation is a battle of “I want to do it” and “I don’t want to do it”. Motivated people have the drive to get their work done successfully within the range of given time. As a result, motivated people receive better opportunity thus making them more successful that unmotivated people.

I do find motivated people more successful than unmotivated ones. With the willingness to learn, motivated people have the ability to surpass any challenges they may encounter. A person, who does not have that high skill but has the highest willingness or motivation, has the possibility to learn and be promoted. At the same time, he may be considered successful for meeting the goals of his life. However, if a person does not have the willingness to learn, even the greatest teacher could not teach him. Therefore, it may be said that he’s not open for promotion.

Yes, I think that it is when people are motivated towards a job that they are able to work willingly and probably at their best potential. Workers who are unmotivated display bad working attitude. When this negative attitude continues on and on, the worker can become less and less productive for the organization. This may affect the organization’s pursuit in achieving various goals and objectives and bring the organization towards instability. That’s why various organizations work their way towards motivating their workers so they will become an asset to the organization. Willingness towards work, of course, is affected by various factors. Some job-seekers settle on a job that they know will be able to enhance their own abilities in the future, while others are after social stability, etc. Many of these factors that different employees desire to be satisfied are strategically employed by various organizations to be able to motivate employees. These motivating factors were then incorporated with numerous theories made by many experts and was mentioned in the above article. I think most motivating factors that affect workers are those that can be found in Abraham Maslow’s Theory on Hierarchy of Needs. This hierarchy shows that, motivation of a person adjusts according to the need that the worker requires. As the needs are satisfied, the person then shifts towards the next higher need. This shifting requires the previous need to be satisfied in order for the next need to be felt and therefore be satisfied as well. Having the following quote in mind can be one way to be motivated towards work; “The only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. Don’t settle.” – Steve Jobs

Motivated people are more successful than motivated ones. Motivated people tend to do their work passionately since they have reasons of being motivated. They are more focus and have desire of doing their work. These reasons are just some things motivated people have than the unmotivated ones.

I consider that motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people because if one has completely no motivation, they will feel no need to work to the best of their capability. People that work to their full potential tend to put out better ideas. Not only in a better quality, but more efficiently. Goal setting and accomplishment sets motivated people apart from unmotivated people. So indeed it does make them more successful.

Motivation is something that drives a person to do his/her best to achieve his/her goals. A teacher can motivate a student in such a way that learning while motivated can happen. A teacher can be someone that a student will imagine his/herself will become in the future. Teachers can motivate them by relating both their personal and professional experiences. This will motivate the students to do their best in the line work they have chosen to pursue. Those experiences related by the teachers will give them something to ponder on, since students still don't know how the world works outside the four corners of their classroom. Albeit the students each have his or her own desires and goals, teachers can influence the students on which path they could pursue or motivate them to exceed all of their efforts to make the best out of everything they do. On the other hand, students can motivate teachers by making them feel that everything they impart to the students are well appreciated. Every teacher's goal is to impart all of his knowledge and life lessons to the students that would help them reach their goals and aspirations in life. Seeing their students reach success in their lives is the only thing that would reciprocate their sacrifices and service. That's why if the teachers see how much their students appreciate their advice and teachings, it will be a great motivator for them to improve more their service and work as teachers.

In my perception, of course the motivated people are more successful than those unmotivated. As I define motivation, it is the strong force that drives us towards attaining the objectives or goal that we want to. It is also having the strong determination in achieving one's desire. And when you're motivated you have that positive thinking and feeling that all things will go smooth along your way. And also when you have that driving force, strong determination and positive feeling, you will have happiness along your journey towards your very goal. And that's the biggest factor that one should own when doing a job or assigned work. I really believe that in everything you do, being happy is the biggest thing that could influence your actions. It is really hard to do a job that you don't want to do and you're unhappy upon doing it. Success isn't about having a high company position, high salary, luxurious car, expensive jewelries or even palace like houses, this is about being happy and satisfied in your life. It's bout achieving your goal with happiness within it,and this is one great thing that unmotivated people don't have. And that's how I measure success.

Based on my observation, the teachers can affect the motivation of a student because in a learning process stage the teacher can teach and support his or her students to achieve his or her goal to be a successful someday. And by the proper discipline of the teacher the students train and develop his or her motivation...And by using time limit for a requirements in the subject the students learns to motivate his or herselve..

Yes. Motivated person will do what ever it takes just to fulfill his/her dream. He/she will set thought-out goals and objectives, either a short term or a long term goals. These will be the source of his/her motivation and focused on the things that is needed to be done. He/she can concentrate more on a certain task allowing him/her to finish it faster but accurately. While unmotivated persons are those that just do their task without thinking of what is good and what is not good about their task. They lack focus and concentration since they do not care about their activities. Because of this factors, motivated person can become more successful than unmotivated person.

I think motivated people are more successful than those who are not. In my own point of view, motivated people will work to the best of their ability that may lead them to a more successful career. Comparing to those unmotivated people who may do their job just to comply to the job order with a low quality of work. In short, motivated people are those people who can absolutely do their job at the best quality of work which is the key to success.

Yes, people with motivation tend to have more complex thinking. They can or will generate different kinds of ideas and these ideas will bring them in a situation on which success may or may not be determined. At least, people with motivation have a higher probability of being successful because they tend to keep moving forward.

Do you find that motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people?Defend your answer. In my opinion being motivated is a state that comes in every person’s life. There is a time that a person feels that he/she is motivated but sometimes he/she also feels that he/she is not motivated. Being motivated is like taking a bath, it must be daily. We need to be motivated every day. In the same sense we could not say that motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people or vice versa because we could find an unmotivated people but successful and we could also find motivated people and also successful it just happen that they might facing some circumstances in their life that makes them unmotivated. People change, our mood also change we could be motivated in an hour, days our month but it is not permanent, I think it is better to say that do we find motivation could make a person continually successful.? And I completely agree with it. I believed that motivation is the drive of a person to pursue greater things, we could have different reason to be motivated but in the bottom line we are motivated and that’s the point. We could accomplish things if we are not motivated but if we are motivated we could do “more” things better, greater than we could do when we are not motivated. When a person is not motivated he/she only does things just for requirements, just to comply for what is needed and for me, he/she has only a little chance to excel and to be more successful. Allan D. fruelda ME - 5101

I think motivated people are more successful than those who are not. In my own point of view, motivated people will work to the best of their ability that may lead them to a more successful career. Comparing to those unmotivated people who may do their job just to comply to the job order with a low quality of work. In short, motivated people are those people who can absolutely do their job at the best quality of work which is the key to success.

Yes, I believe that motivated people become more successful than unmotivated people because something/someone is inspiring them (motivated ones) in pursuing their goals. They are more dedicated in their works and they love what they are doing. You will never attain success if you are not passionate on what you are doing. But motivation is not enough unless you put action on it :)

I do believe that motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people. From the previous discussion we had, motivation had been defined as a set of factors that activate, direct, and maintain behavior, usually toward a certain goal. It is a result of our individual needs being satisfied that tends to serve as an inspiration to achieve what we aim in life. These needs vary from person to person as everybody has their individual needs to motivate themselves. As in the case of a motivated individual, it may be noticed that the effort they put into their work is higher compared to that of a non-motivated one. They are capable of thinking alternatives for situations they are engaged in. Therefore, an increase in the standard of their productivity can be seen . On the other hand, non-motivated individuals usually have the tendency to be afraid of overcoming and surpassing the challenges and obstacles that come along their way. They have the misconception that if things are destined for them, then it will be for them. Thus, for these reasons, motivated people have still the higher percentage of achieving success when compared to non-motivated people.

Based on my observation, the teacher can influence the students on motivating his/herself. In a learning process stage the teacher can teach and support his or her students to achieve his or her goal to be a successful someday. And by the proper discipline of the teacher the students train and develop his or her motivation...And by using time limit for a requirements in the subject the students learns to motivate his or herself to pass the requirements on time..While in the side of the teacher, the teacher can also motivate by his or her students by showing of interest on the lesson and active participation during discussion..In overall both teacher and the students can motivate each other in such a way both parties gain positive reinforcement...

Motivation, for me, is not really a factor to the measure of success that one can/will reach but, it CAN make “reaching your goals” easier and effortless. Success is actually measured on the skill that one posses, not the motivation. Motivation will just provide whether the person will finish his task or not. It shows the will that the person have to reach the goal that he had set. But motivation alone doesn't satisfy the requirements in reaching your goals. Motivation is linked to the skill. Once you figured out that you can’t acquire the skill or you have no time in acquiring it, your motivation will decrease and decrease until a time when you will have no more motivation to have your goal (based on personal experience). You could actually be successful, but you lack the motivation to continue and to push the goal that you like, Talking about people and their own goal. – People are not motivated because they don’t like what they are doing. But when we talk about “Goal”, it is really something that one would want. So there’s really no reason not to be motivated when you have a certain goal. But if we define success as “finishing a task”, and to be done by a motivated and an unmotivated people, there could be some situations that unmotivated could be more successful. Situations: 1. “If a person does not have the skill required for a certain goal and motivation is the only thing that drives him to reach the goal.” –We could say, ‘Yeah, he will do everything to acquire the skill required’ – and let’s say ‘he did it, he acquired the skill’ – yes, he could be successful in reaching the goal. But, what if, no matter what he does, he cannot acquire the skill? It is very obvious that he will not reach his goal. 2. “If a person does have the skill, but does not have the motivation” –Now, we say 'the person will not do it because he doesn't want to.'– Yes, that’s right, he wouldn't do it cause he doesn't want to. But, let’s say 'it is his job', so does he have a choice not to do it? Now, we can say that he had reached the goal, unlike the motivated person. To answer the question directly, it really depends on the situation.

Motivation is the will of a person to do a certain job. It is the force that triggers the person to do his/her duties and responsibilities to attain success in his/her career for example. If a person is not motivated enough, he won't be able to obtain full and satisfying success in whatever he do. He may attain success but the satisfaction may not be felt. and that instance itself is something that anyone will not aim to attain.

Success of the colleagues and superiors is a good motivator especially for us young people. It is for the reason that their present situation is a proof that they have undergone different challenges in their lives. but before they were able to obtain their success, they first became beginners. It gives us the thinking that if they were able to be successful in their chosen fields of specialization, why can't we be? It gives us the hope that one day, we can also be like them, successful and satisfied in our own career.

I believe that motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people. It is because motivation is one of the major factor to be successful in everything you do especially in achieving your full potential. If one has absolutely no motivation or unmotivated, they will feel that they have no need to work to the best of their ability . It can also be gleaned that people who work to their full potential tend to put out better products or ideas. The products are not only produced in a better quality, but they are more efficiently created unlike those who has no drive to keep going and get things done. If the ideas or products one produces efficiently made and of high quality, they will be successful in distributing said product or ideas.

Great motivation is main factor why people become successful in the things that they do. For me motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people. Motivated people have more reasons in doing their work better than unmotivated people. If one people are motivated in the things they do, they become more engaged in doing such thing. Unlike the unmotivated people, sometimes they do their job just to comply with it. If the people was engaged in doing their job the outcome will be good, because they do with all they knowledge, skills, and they do it for the most possible short period of time but they make sure that the quality of the things they do will not be sacrificed. And if they do things in that way they can get some reward or maybe a promotion that may lead them to be a successful people.

answer on question number 2. Yes. Because when people are motivated they are more enthusiastically do their job, and when their employer notices their hard work they will be given a reward. Also, motivation is what makes people move. And if you feel motivated you do your work diligently and no matter how hard the work is motivated people do it with ease because they know that in the end their hard work will pay off.

Yes, motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people because they already prepared their self on what they want to achieve so that they be more patient, more focus and more determined to achieve their dreams and to reach their goals that no matter how hard they’ll go through, the twist and turn on their journey to success, the problems that they will facing they will make a way or will find a solution just to get out of that problem and survive without breaking for the dreams they want to achieve, and their goals that they want to reach.

If you know what you want, you will be able to pursue and you'll be motivated what you want to achieved. For example, you want to pass your exam, you put extra effort to study and make some research to achieve your target goals. In general, I prefer motivated people are more successful. Being motivated includes exerting efforts and being goal oriented. It increases performance of an individual and when failed result comes, discouragement is present and still wants to pursue to achieve what you want.

2. Do you find that motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people?Defend your answer. For me yes I find that motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people because they are willing to take a risk in order to learn a new things. They give there best in everything that they are doing. The y are the people that always think that they need to be successful even it is small or big thing. Motivated person want to be on top always they don’t want to fail. All the company don’t want an unmotivated person they are problems for them. How can be the unmotivated person be successful if no nees them to be part of there company? Motivated person knowshow to use heart aand mind in the work that leads them in successful life.

If you know what you want, you will be able to pursue and you'll be motivated what you want to achieved. For example, you want to pass your exam, you put extra effort to study and make some research to achieve your target goals. In general, I prefer motivated people are more successful. Being motivated includes exerting efforts and being goal oriented. It increases performance of an individual and when failed result comes, discouragement is present and still wants to pursue to achieve what you want.

2. Do you find that motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people?Defend your answer. For me yes I find that motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people because they are willing to take a risk in order to learn a new things. They give there best in everything that they are doing. The y are the people that always think that they need to be successful even it is small or big thing. Motivated person want to be on top always they don’t want to fail. All the company don’t want an unmotivated person they are problems for them. How can be the unmotivated person be successful if no nees them to be part of there company? Motivated person knowshow to use heart aand mind in the work that leads them in successful life.

3. What role do teachers play in motivating students? What role do students play in motivating teachers? ANSWER: Teachers motivate students by sharing their experiences and by giving them advises on how to have a good motivation in life. The advise of a teacher contributes more than anything a student can have because students stay longer at school than home. On the other hand, students can motivate their teachers by listening, by being competitive and cooperative. Listening makes teachers think that students respect them and his/her words are valuable. Being competitive helps teachers enhance their teaching techniques for there are students who seem challenging to teach for. Cooperative students make teachers proud for they are doing whatever he/she says in class.

2. Do you find that motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people?Defend your answer. For me yes I find that motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people because they are willing to take a risk in order to learn a new things. They give there best in everything that they are doing. The y are the people that always think that they need to be successful even it is small or big thing. Motivated person want to be on top always they don’t want to fail. All the company don’t want an unmotivated person they are problems for them. How can be the unmotivated person be successful if no nees them to be part of there company? Motivated person knowshow to use heart aand mind in the work that leads them in successful life.

I find motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people because motivated people have enough inspiration to excel in their fields, they have goals, they give a lot of effort that's why they are successful. Unlike unmotivated people they lack of motivation which leads to hindrances of being successful.

Yes, I find that motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people. When a person is motivated he/she strives to achieve the set goals no matter what circumstances he/she faces. That person gives all the best effort he/she has. Also, when a person is motivated, there is a force that making him/her more powerful and energetic to the work he/she is doing. Motivation increases the person's love towards the work and making it more interesting and challenging. Unmotivated person lacks of interest and love towards the work, less effort is exerted. There is no development on the career. As Kang Tae Joon said, from the Korean Series To the Beautiful You, "Miracle is another name for Hardwork". A motivated person works hard. Hardwork leads to SUCCESS.

Yes. Because when people are motivated they are more enthusiastically do their job, and when their employer notices their hard work they will be given a reward. Also, motivation is what makes people move. And if you feel motivated you do your work diligently and no matter how hard the work is motivated people do it with ease because they know that in the end their hard work will pay off.

Yes I find motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people because motivated people have enough inspiration to excel in their fields, they have goals, they give a lot of effort that's why they are successful. Unlike unmotivated people they lack of motivation which leads to hindrances of being successful.

3. What role do teachers play in motivating students? What role do students play in motivating teachers? As stated above, simple praise motivates the students to do better. Also activities that would yield rewards and also be enjoyable to the students of the course would definitely motivate the students. In terms of student motivating teachers, One can say that attending and participating in discussions in class can motivate the teacher. If the teacher can see that the students are eager to learn, he/she would surely be motivated

Yes, motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people because they already prepared their self on what they want to achieve so that they be more patient, more focus and more determined to achieve their dreams and to reach their goals that no matter how hard they’ll go through, the twist and turn on their journey to success, the problems that they will facing they will make a way or will find a solution just to get out of that problem and survive without breaking for the dreams they want to achieve, and their goals that they want to reach. number 2

2. Do you find that motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people?Defend your answer. Question 2 A motivated person would find ways to do things faster. Things like problem solving, resource collection, job, rate of work and almost everything. However, unmotivated people would just try to do things that takes less to no effort at all which is a decision that could yield bad results and future problems. Also motivated people can easily stop future problems from occurring on their decision making because they could only focus on finding the best decision. 3. What role do teachers play in motivating students? What role do students play in motivating teachers? As stated above, simple praise motivates the students to do better. Also activities that would yield rewards and also be enjoyable to the students of the course would definitely motivate the students. In terms of student motivating teachers, One can say that attending and participating in discussions in class can motivate the teacher. If the teacher can see that the students are eager to learn, he/she would surely be motivated

no.2 People who have their target goal are often motivated . How does these goals can be achieved? of course we put our maximum effort , time and energy for it. For example , I want to be an engineering board passer, how can this be obtained? of course I will study as much as I can , I will always put into mind that I will do it for my family and also for my own future ;) that is motivation , a drive for achieving my goal . I believe that people who have their motivation is much successful than those who are not . Why ? people who has motivation has also their drive to pursue . Why do people wake up every morning and work hard on their jobs? Absolutely they do this for a reason and this reason serves as their motivation until their achieve their own goals. One good idea for it is the Goal setting theory , we set goals and achieve it with motivation. Compared to unmotivated people sometimes they out of their minds , becoming lazy and shows lack of interest in their work . A work without effort can lead into failure , how can you pass an exam if you did'nt review your notes , even if your a genius . Always be motivated and put God , love and passion to everything because success i near approaching to it ;) thank you ;)

yes, i find that motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people. when a person is motivated, he/she strives to achieve the set goals no matter what circumstances he/she faces. that person gives all the best effort he/she has. also, when a person is motivated, there is a force that making him/her more powerful and energetic to the work he/she is doing. motivation increases the person's love towards the work and making it more interesting and challenging. unmotivated person lacks of interest and love towards the work, less effort is exerted. there is no development on the career. as Kang Tae Joon said, from the Korean series To the Beautiful You, "Miracle is another name for Hardwork". a motivated person works hard. Hardwork leads to SUCCESS.

The role we can do the teacher to motivate the students are play a pivotal role in providing and encouraging their students. Giving sense of control because allowing students to have some choice and control over what happens in the classroom is actually one of the best ways to keep them engaged. Define the objectives to students because they want to know what is expected of them in order to stay motivate work. At the beginning of the semester layout clear the objectives, rules, and expectation of students so that there is no confusion and students have goals to work towards. Another one is make a goals but attainable because if you’re not pushing your students to do more than the bare minimum, most won’t seek to push themselves on their own. Giving feedback to students, make help to improve their weakness where students can be also help them to stay motivated to work hard. Make things fun or adding fun activities into your school day can help students who struggle to engaged and make the classroom a much more friendly place for all students. Lastly is to provide opportunities for success, students even the best ones, can become frustrated and demotivated when they feel like they’re struggling or not getting the recognition that other students are. Make sure that all students get a chance to play to their strengths and feel included and valued. It can make a world of difference in their motivation.

People who have their target goal are often motivated . How does these goals can be achieved? of course we put our maximum effort , time and energy for it. For example , I want to be an engineering board passer, how can this be obtained? of course I will study as much as I can , I will always put into mind that I will do it for my family and also for my own future ;) that is motivation , a drive for achieving my goal . I believe that people who have their motivation is much successful than those who are not . Why ? people who has motivation has also their drive to pursue . Why do people wake up every morning and work hard on their jobs? Absolutely they do this for a reason and this reason serves as their motivation until their achieve their own goals. One good idea for it is the Goal setting theory , we set goals and achieve it with motivation. Compared to unmotivated people sometimes they out of their minds , becoming lazy and shows lack of interest in their work . A work without effort can lead into failure , how can you pass an exam if you did'nt review your notes , even if your a genius . Always be motivated and put God , love and passion to everything because success i near approaching to it ;) thank you ;)

People who have their target goal are often motivated . How does these goals can be achieved? of course we put our maximum effort , time and energy for it. For example , I want to be an engineering board passer, how can this be obtained? of course I will study as much as I can , I will always put into mind that I will do it for my family and also for my own future ;) that is motivation , a drive for achieving my goal . I believe that people who have their motivation is much successful than those who are not . Why ? people who has motivation has also their drive to pursue . Why do people wake up every morning and work hard on their jobs? Absolutely they do this for a reason and this reason serves as their motivation until their achieve their own goals. One good idea for it is the Goal setting theory , we set goals and achieve it with motivation. Compared to unmotivated people sometimes they out of their minds , becoming lazy and shows lack of interest in their work . A work without effort can lead into failure , how can you pass an exam if you did'nt review your notes , even if your a genius . Always be motivated and put God , love and passion to everything because success i near approaching to it ;) thank you ;)

The role we can do the teacher to motivate the students are play a pivotal role in providing and encouraging their students. Giving sense of control because allowing students to have some choice and control over what happens in the classroom is actually one of the best ways to keep them engaged. Define the objectives to students because they want to know what is expected of them in order to stay motivate work. At the beginning of the semester layout clear the objectives, rules, and expectation of students so that there is no confusion and students have goals to work towards. Another one is make a goals but attainable because if you’re not pushing your students to do more than the bare minimum, most won’t seek to push themselves on their own. Giving feedback to studentds, make help to improve their weakness where students can be also help them to stay motivated to work hard. Make things fun or adding fun activities into your school day can help students who struggle to engaged and make the classroom a much more friendly place for all students. Lastly is to provide opportunities for success, students even the best ones, can become frustrated and demotivated when they feel like they’re struggling or not getting the recognition that other students are. Make sure that all students get a chance to play to their strengths and feel included and valued. It can make a world of difference in their motivation.

Yes, I find motivated people more successful than the unmotivated ones. I think this because motivated people always set their goals, develop plans and have a mission to get things accomplished and they will do anything to get the task done. These people work to their very best and their full ability that leads to put their ideas or plans to be better. If their ideas or plans produces efficiently and effectively they will be successful in it. While the unmotivated people lack the support that they needed for them to do what is need to be done. If they have no motivation at all, they will feel no need to work to the best of them. In that case they will not lead to the success that they want.

Yes, i find that motivated people are more successful than unmotivated people. When a person is motivated, he/she strives to achieve the set goals no matter what circumstances he/she faces. That person gives all the best effort he/she has. Also, when a person is motivated, there is a force that making him/her more powerful and energetic to the work he/she is doing. Motivation increases the person's love towards the work and making i more interesting and challenging. Unmotivated person lacks of interest and love towards the work, less effort is exerted. There is no development on the career. As Kang Tae Joon said, from the Korean series To the Beautiful You, "Miracle is another name for hard work". A motivated person works hard. Hard work leads to SUCCESS.

In my own perception, motivated people are more successful than the unmotivated one. Because being motivated is the only surefire way to reach long term success. Being successful at what you do can also be very motivating. So I think if you are a kind of motivated person, you have a mission to get things accomplished, you are self-functional and you have a patient to do things better and that is nearer to success. People that work to their full potential tend to put out better products or ideas. They have the ambition to go out and get more with the opportunities they are presented with. The more motivated people are, the more they go through success.

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