LOGIC: A Syllabus

 

*Students & teachers could access this online syllabus by just entering "Logic: A Syllabus" in the search engine (upper right corner) of www.OurHappySchool.com

Note to users (teachers & students): To become members of “OurHappySchool community” and enjoy its services, just click our FB LIKE button above (if you haven't done yet) and leave a simple message in the comment section below.
          Professors may also check out "How to use OurHappySchool in teaching."

WEEK 1

I. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:
To state the importance of Logic in communication and in man’s being social

II. TOPICS/SUBJECT MATTER:
The importance of Logic and critical thinking; The importance og Logic in Communication’; ‘Language is Logic’; Logic in good usage; The 2 kinds of reasoning; Validity & Probability.
 
III. READINGS:
Internet articles:
site: www.OurHappySchool.com (*the articles can also be found by typing their title in the site’s own search engine)

IV. SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES:
A. Review of the last topic; Discussion of the prescribed reading

B. Assignment for next topic: Read the prescribed lecture/s for the next lesson; In the comment section below the online lecture/s, state why the topic is important (2-3 sentences; to be checked by the Asst. Monitor/Prof.); Bring a copy of the lecture/s in class.
 
V. EVALUATION: (Professor’s discretion)
Suggested E-learning Quiz Game: A Brain Game Fun Quiz Game
 
WEEK 2
I. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:
To define Philosophy; to define Logic; to state the importance of studying Philosophy and Logic; to understand the different types of knowledge claims; to internalize the principle of healthy skepticism which is to become everyone’s epistemic responsibility; to distinguish the secular from divine knowledge; and to give prime importance to the true knowledge being taught by the Holy Scriptures.
 
II. TOPICS/SUBJECT MATTER:
PHILOSOPHY & LOGIC: A BACKGROUND: Definition, Division, Method, Object and Goal of, and Misconceptions about Philosophy; Definition, Kinds, Division, & Method of Logic; The Secular & Divine Knowledge

III. READING/S:
&
site: www.OurHappySchool.com (*the article can be found by typing its title in the site’s own search engine)
 
IV. SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES:
A. Review of the last topic; Discussion of the prescribed reading

B. Assignment for next topic: Read in the site the Reading for the next Lesson. Accomplish the instructions under 'Activities'. Bring to class a printed copy of the lecture and the 2 readings for 'suggested activity' for Week 3 (see below).
 
V. EVALUATION: (Professor’s discretion)

WEEK 3
I. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:
To define, differentiate, and relate concept, idea, word, and term; to enumerate the various kinds of terms; to distinguish connotation and denotation; to identify the suppositions of terms in propositions

II. TOPICS/SUBJECT MATTER:
CONCEPT, IDEA, WORD, AND TERM; Intension (Comprehension) and Extension of terms; Kinds of terms (A. According to quantity/extension, B. According to quality, C. According to Origin, D. According to the nature of referents, E. According to definiteness of meaning, F. According to relation); Supposition of terms

III. READING/S:
Internet article: “The Term in Logic
site: www.OurHappySchool.com(*the article can be found by typing its title in the search engine of www.OurHappySchool.com)


IV. ACTIVITIES: (Professor’s discretion)
A. Suggested activity: Divide the class into two. One group would be asked to present in class the article "Ambiguity and Vagueness", and the other, the blog "Fighting for 'nothing'".
 
B. Assignment for next topic: Read in the site the Reading for the next Lesson. Accomplish the instructions  under 'Activities'. Bring to class a printed copy of the lecture.
 
V. EVALUATION: (Professor’s discretion)

WEEK 4
I. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:
To state what a definition is and its importance; to enumerate the several types of definitions; to identify the rules of good definition

II. TOPICS/SUBJECT MATTER:
DEFINITION: What Definition is; The various types of definition; The rules of good connotative (real) definition

III. READING/S:
site: www.OurHappySchool.com(*the article can be found by typing its title in the search engine of www.OurHappySchool.com)

IV. SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES:
A. Review of the last topic; Discussion of the prescribed reading

B. Assignment for next topic: Read in the site the reading for the next Lesson; In the comment section below the lecture, state why the lecture is important (2-3 sentences; to be checked by the Asst. Monitor/Prof.); Bring a printed copy of the lecture in class.

V. EVALUATION: (Professor’s discretion)

WEEK 5
I. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:
To identify the two general types of Division; To Distinguish Division from Classification; To state the importance of Classification; To identify the Golden Rules of Classification

II. TOPICS/SUBJECT MATTER:
DIVISION & CLASSIFICATION: Types of Division; Rules of Division; Types of Classification; Importance of Classification; Rules of Classification

III. READING/S:
site: www.OurHappySchool.com(*the article can be found by typing its title in the search engine of www.OurHappySchool.com)
 
IV. SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES:
A. Review of the last topic; Discussion of the prescribed reading

B. Assignment for next topic: Read in the site the Reading for the next Lesson. Accomplish the instructions  under 'Activities'. Bring to class a printed copy of the lecture.

V. EVALUATION: (Professor’s discretion)
 
Automated E-learning PRELIM EXAM: Philosophy I Logic PRELIM Exam

WEEK 6
I. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:
To determine how judgment is made; To distinguish judgment from proposition; To distinguish a proposition from a sentence; To introduce the three basic types of propositions

II. TOPICS/SUBJECT MATTER:
JUDGMENT, PROPOSITION (STATEMENT), and SENTENCE: Truth and Falsity; Judgment and Proposition; Proposition (Statement) and Sentences

III. READING/S:
site: www.OurHappySchool.com(*the article can be found by typing its title in the search engine of www.OurHappySchool.com)

IV. SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES:
A. Review of the last topic; Discussion of the prescribed reading

B. Assignment for next topic: Read in the site the Reading for the next Lesson. Accomplish the instructions  under 'Activities'. Bring to class a printed copy of the lecture.

V. EVALUATION: 

WEEK 7
I. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:
To introduce the logical structure of a categorical proposition; To identify the quality and quantity of categorical propositions; To identify the kinds of categorical propositions according to quantity; To enumerate the kinds of categorical propositions according to quality; To name the steps and guidelines in transforming ordinary discourse statements into standard form

II. TOPICS/SUBJECT MATTER:
CATEGORICAL PROPOSITION: Quantity of Categorical Statements; Quality of Categorical Statements; The Standard Form of Categorical Propositions; Reduction to the Logical Structure; Steps in transforming ordinary discourse statements into standard form; Some guidelines in reducing ordinary statements to the standard categorical form

III. READING/S:
site: www.OurHappySchool.com(*the article can be found by typing its title in the search engine of www.OurHappySchool.com)

IV. SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES:
A. Review of the last topic; Discussion of the prescribed reading

B. Assignment for next topic: Read the Reading for the next Lesson. Bring to class a copy of the lecture.

V. EVALUATION: (Professor’s discretion)

WEEK 8
I. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:
To distinguish hypothetical proposition from modal proposition; To identify the three kinds of hypothetical proposition; To state the three kinds of hypothetical proposition

II. TOPICS/SUBJECT MATTER:
MODAL & HYPOTHETICAL PROPOSITIONS: Necessary, Contingent, Possible, and Impossible propositions; Conditional, Disjunctive, and Conjunctive propositions

III. READING/S:
Textbook:  Santiago, pp. 88-89; 96-99
IV. SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES:
A. Review of the last topic; Discussion of the prescribed reading

B. Assignment for next topic: Read in the site the 2 Readings for the next Lesson (from book & site). In the comment section of the online reading, answer any of the Guide Questions (2-3 sentences). Bring to class a printed copy of the 2 lectures.

V. EVALUATION: (Professor’s discretion)

WEEK 9: MIDTERM EXAMINATION
Automated E-learning MIDTERM Exam: Philosophy I Logic MIDTERM Exam

WEEK 10-11
I. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:
To differentiate and exemplify Truth, Validity, & Soundness; To define reasoning; To introduce the two general types of Inference; To identify the kinds of immediate inference and the laws of logical opposition

II. TOPICS/SUBJECT MATTER:
A) TRUTH, VALIDITY, & SOUNDNESS; B) NATURE OF REASONING, TYPES OF INFERENCE, OPPOSITIONAL INFERENCE: The two types of Inference; Types of Immediate Inference; The Square of Opposition; Laws of Contrariety; Laws of Contradiction; Laws of Subalternation; Laws of Subcontrariety

III. READING/S:
A) Textbook: Santiago, pp. 23-34 and internet article: “'True vs. valid': An article on Logical terms
(*the article can be found by typing its title in the search engine of www.OurHappySchool.com)

IV. SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES:
A. Review of the last topic; Discussion of the prescribed reading

B. Assignment for next topic: Read the 2 Readings for the next Lesson. In a yellow paper, do the "Sample Quiz" in the online reading ("Notes on Categorical Syllogism"). Bring to class a printed copy of the 2 readings.

V. EVALUATION: (Professor’s discretion)

WEEK 12
I. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:
To define Categorical Syllogism; To explain the structure of the categorical syllogism; To determine the figures and moods; To determine whether a syllogism is valid or invalid in the light of the syllogistic rules

II. TOPICS/SUBJECT MATTER:
THE CATEGORICAL SYLLOGISM: The Structure of a Categorical Syllogism; Distribution of Terms; Syllogistic Rules; Figures and Moods of the Categorical Syllogism

III. READING/S:


IV. SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES:
A. Review of the last topic; Discussion of the prescribed reading

B. Assignment for next topic: Read the Reading for the next Lesson. Bring to class a copy of the lecture.

V. EVALUATION:
Automated E-Learning QUIZ: Categorical Syllogism: A Fun Quiz Game

WEEK 13
I. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:
To define hypothetical syllogism; To name the three kinds of hypothetical syllogism; To give the rules of conditional, disjunctive, and conjunction; To determine whether a hypothetical syllogism is valid or invalid

II. TOPICS/SUBJECT MATTER:
THE HYPOTHETICAL SYLLOGISM: The Conditional Syllogism; The Disjunctive Syllogism; The Conjunctive Syllogism

III. READING/S:
Textbook: Santiago, pp. 203-216

IV. SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES:
A. Review of the last topic; Discussion of the prescribed reading

B. Assignment for next topic: Read the Reading for the next Lesson. Bring to class a copy of the lecture.

V. EVALUATION: (Professor’s discretion)

WEEK 14
I. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:
To define each kind of fallacy and give example; To distinguish formal from informal fallacies; To identify the formal fallacies committed in some arguments

II. TOPICS/SUBJECT MATTER:
THE FORMAL FALLACIES: Fallacies of Definition; Fallacies of Division; Fallacies of Eduction; Fallacies of Categorical Syllogism; Fallacies in Hypothetical Syllogism

III. READING/S:
Textbook: Timbreza, pp. 145-156
 
IV. SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES:
A. Review of the last topic; Discussion of the prescribed reading

B. Assignment for next topic: Read in the site the 4 Readings for the next Lesson. In a yellow paper, write an example for each kind of fallacy. Bring to class a printed copy of the lectures.

V. EVALUATION: (Professor’s discretion)

WEEK 15
I. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:
To state the general types of informal fallacies; To identify the fallacies committed in some arguments

II. TOPICS/SUBJECT MATTER:
THE INFORMAL FALLACIES: Fallacies of Relevance; Fallacies of Presumption; Fallacies of Ambiguity/Language; Miscellaneous Fallacies

III. READING/S:
Internet articles:
site: www.OurHappySchool.com (*the articles can be found by typing their title in the site’s own search engine)
 
IV. SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES:
A. Review of the last topic; Discussion of the prescribed reading

B. Assignment for next topic: Read the Reading for the next Lesson. Bring to class a copy of the lecture.

V. EVALUATION:

WEEK 16
I. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:
To introduce Symbolic Logic; To distinguish simple from compound statements; To give guidelines on how to symbolize statements; To state the different kinds of compound statements and the special symbols used for each kind of statement; To state the steps in constructing truth-table

II. TOPICS/SUBJECT MATTER:
SYMBOLIC LOGIC/PROPOSITIONAL LOGIC: Simple and Compound Propositions; The connectives/symbols for compound statements; Construction of truth table; Checking the validity of argument by using truth table

III. READING/S:
Textbook: Santiago, pp. 241-276

IV. SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES:
A. Review of the last topic; Discussion of the prescribed reading

B. Assignment for next topic: Read the Reading for the next Lesson. Bring to class a copy of the lecture.

V. EVALUATION: (Professor’s discretion)

WEEK 17
I. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:
To identify and exemplify the 10 rules of inference; To enumerate the steps in constructing the Formal Proof of Validity

II. TOPICS/SUBJECT MATTER:
RULES of INFERENCE: The 10 rules of inference; Formal Proof of Validity; Construction of the Formal Proof of Validity
III. READING/S:
Textbook:  Santiago, pp. 277-297
 
IV. SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES:
A. Review of the last topic; Discussion of the prescribed reading
 
V. EVALUATION:
Automated E-Learning QUIZ: Rules of Inference: A Fun Quiz Game

WEEK 18: FINAL EXAMINATION
Automated E-learning FINAL Exam: Philosophy I Logic FINAL Exam
 
Prepared and contributed by Jensen dG. Mañebog, a Professorial Lecturer in the Graduate School of a university in Metro Manila, Philippines.

REFERENCES:
Alma Salvador Santiago. Logic: The Art of Reasoning. Redman Printing Press, 4th ed. 2006.
Florentino T. Timbreza. Logic Made Simple for Filipinos. Phoenix Press Inc., Quezon City, Philippines. 1999.

Subjects:

Sponsored Links