Consuelo Ortiga y Rey: The "Crush ng Bayan" in Rizal's Time

Copyright 2013 by Jensen DG. Mañebog
 
She was probably very likable because at least two Filipinos in Spain in Jose Rizal’s time had had feelings for her.
 
Consuelo Ortiga y Rey was considered the prettier of the daughters of Don Pablo Ortiga y Rey, the Spanish liberal and former mayor of Manila who became vice-president of the Council of the Philippines in the Ministry of Colonies. Very supportive to the Filipinos in Madrid, Don Pablo’s house was the common meeting place of ‘Circulo Hispano-Filipino’ members like Rizal. The Ortiga residence was thus frequented by Filipino lads especially that Don Pablo had beautiful daughters.
 
Consuelo recorded in her diary that she first met Rizal on September 16, 1882 when he went to Spain for the first time primarily to study. The diary entry indicated that they talked the whole night and that the young Filipino said many beautiful things about her. The Spanish ladyalso wrote of a day Rizal spent at their house when he entertained them with his ingenious humor, elegance, and sleight-of-hand tricks.

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10 Interesting Things About Pinakbet

 PINAKBET, an Ilocano dish, is stewed vegetables commonly composed of eggplant, bitter melon (ampalaya), okra, and tomatoes. It is seasoned with ‘bagoong isda’ or thick salted fish sauce.
          The following are 10 interesting things about this dish:
1. Eating nutritional dish “pinakbet” can prevent diseases like diabetes. (neonate28.blogspot.com)

2. Pinakbet or pakbet is an indigenous Filipino dish which is a specialty of the northern regions of the Philippines.

10 Remarkable Things About Andres Bonifacio

 Andres Bonifacio Y de Castro also known as Andres Bonifacio was the leader of the ‘Kataastaasang Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan’ (KKK) or Katipunan. He was born in Tondo, Manila on November 30, 1863 and died in May 10, 1897 at the age of 33.
            The following are some remarkable information about the hero:
 
1. Upon baptism he was named after a saint on whose feast he was born, Andrew the Apostle. (Wikipedia.com)
 
2. He was arrested and executed by his own men who joined with Emilio Aguinaldo in the mountains of Maragondon, Cavite on May 10, 1897. (Blogspot.com)

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Leonor Valenzuela and Jose Rizal's Invisible Love Letters

 
Nicknamed Orang, Leonor Valenzuela was commonly described as a tall girl with regal bearing who was Rizal’s province-mate. She was the daughter of Capitan Juan and Capitana Sanday Valenzuela, who were from Pagsanjan, Laguna.
 
Orang was Rizal’s neighbor when he boarded in the house of Doña Concha Leyva in Intramuros during his sophomore year at the Universityof Santo Tomasas medicine student. To finally move on perhaps from his unsuccessful love story with Segunda Katigbak, Rizal frequently visited Orang’s house with or without social gatherings. The proofs that Rizal indeed courted her were the love letters he sent her. His love notes were mysteriously written in invisible ink made of common table salt and water, which could be read by heating the note over a candle or lamp.

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Getting a Little Deeper About Karl Marx

Karl Heinrich Marx is the communism’s most zealous intellectual advocate. He was born on May 1, 1818 at Trier, Kingdom of Prussia (currently known as Germany) and died on March 14, 1883 at the age of 64 in London, United Kingdom. He was a German Jewish philosopher, historian, sociologist, economist, and writer.
 
The following are some of the not so popular info about Marx:

1. Did you know that Karl Marx’s favorite food is fish, his favorite person is Spartacus, and his favorite writer is Baglas? (historyguide.org)

2. He spent his most adult life relying on Friedrich Engels for financial support.  Engels gave Marx at least five pounds every month to survive. (marxists.org)

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Efren Peñaflorida and His "Kariton Klasrum"

 “You are the change that you dream as I am the change that I dream and collectively we are the change that this world needs to be.” These words are from the CNN Hero of the Year 2009 Mr. Efren Peñaflorida of Cavite City. He came from a less fortunate family but had made a name in volunteering his own life for making a life difference in hundreds of youths in the Philippines.
 
The following are 10 interesting things about Efren Peñaflorida:
 
 
1. He received 10 awards before his CNN Hero of the Year Award in 2009.
(realitytv.nfo.ph)
 
2. He is the 1st Filipino to be nominated and who actually won the CNN Heroes Awards (2009). (wikipedia.org)

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10 Things You Should Know About John Locke

 John Locke was born on August 29, 1632 in Wring ton, Somerset, England. He died at aged 72 on October 28, 1707. He was a 17th century philosopher, and had a brainy quotation that “Education begins the gentleman, but reading, a good company and reflection must finish him”.
 
The following are some interesting facts about John Locke

1. John Locke believed in the middle class and its right to freedom of the inner voice, and its property. (answer.com)

2. Locke's greatest philosophical work, “An essay concerning Human Understanding” is generally seen as a defining work of seventeenth-century empiricist epistemology and metaphysics. (Stanford encyclopedia)

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Segunda Katigbak: Jose Rizal's First Love

 Segunda Katigbak: Jose Rizal's First Love
 
She was Jose Rizal’s “puppy love” and with her the hero was believed to have had “love at first sight”.
 

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10 Interesting Things About Henry Sidgwick

   Henry Sidgwick is one of the most influential ethical philosophers of the Victorian era, and his work continues to exert a powerful influence on Anglo-American ethical and political theory.
            Here are some of the interesting things about him:

1.Henry Sidgwick was born on May 31, 1838 at Skipton in Yorkshire. He was a British philosopher, politician, poet, political historian, literary critic, parapsychologist, and educational theorist. He is founder of the Cambridge school of philosophy, Cambridge school of economics, and Cambridge school of political theory. (plato.stanford.edu)

2. He was a famous teacher. He was deeply interested in psychical phenomena, but his energies were primarily devoted to the study of religion and philosophy. (wikipedia.org)

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The El Filibusterismo

© 2013 by Jensen DG. Mañebog

El Filibusterismo’ is Jose Rizal’s second novel written as the sequel of his ‘Noli Me Tangere’. Commonly nicknamed ‘El Fili’ or simply ‘Fili’, the novel was written also in Spanish. Its commonly known English alternative title is ‘The Reign of Greed’.

The writing and printing of Fili

Rizal started writing El Filibusterismo in October 1887 in Calamba during his first homecoming. The novel was thus written against the background of threats and oppressions he and his family suffered because of the Noli and the so-called Calamba agrarian trouble.

He continued working on it, making some revisions, in London in 1888. Rizal then went on to write the novel in Paris, and then in Brussels where distractions were less and the cost of living was cheaper. Being able to focus on finishing the book, Rizal had finally completed it by March 29, 1891 in Biarritz.

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