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LESSON 1: Introduction

What is religion?

What is the significance of religion?

1. Definition of Terms

1.1. What is ‘belief system’?

   Define ‘worldview’

1.1.1. Define Monism (All is one)

1.1.2. Define Polytheism (Many Gods)

1.1.3. Define Monotheism (One God)

1.1.4. Define Atheism (No God)

1.1.5. Give an example of a belief system or a worldview

1.2. Define ‘Religion’

1.2.1. What is man’s higher dimension?

1.2.2. What are transcendent beliefs?

1.2.3. What is religious text or scriptures?

1.2.4. What is religious ritual?

1.2.5. What is religious sacred space (e.g., church, temple, mosque, synagogue)?

1.3. Spirituality (define)

Briefly discuss the following elements of spirituality:

1.3.1. holistic (fully integrated view to life),

1.3.2. quest for meaning (including the purpose of life),

1.3.3. quest for the sacred (beliefs about God),

1.3.4. suggests a self-reflective existence.

1.4. What is Philosophy of Religion? (Define and briefly discuss)

1.5. What is Theology? (Define and briefly discuss)


2. Delineating ‘religion’

2.1. Compare and contrast Religion vs. Spirituality (briefly discuss)

2.2. Compare and contrast Religion vs. Theology (briefly discuss)

2.3. Compare and contrast Religion vs. Philosophy of Religion (briefly discuss)

Countering Euthyphro Dilemma

AGAINST MORAL THEISM or God-based ethics, non-theists usually submit the famous philosophical argument called “the Euthyphro Dilemma”.
The argument involves asking whether God loves the things that are moral because they are moral, or moral things are good because they were loved by God. Concerning God issuing decrees for humans, non-theists ask pertinently, “Does God command something because it is right, or is it right because He commands it?” If God commands something because it is right, then God Himself would be subject to a higher law and, therefore, not above all. But if something is right simply because God commands it, then He is arbitrary and His commands are without foundation. Moreover, it would appear that if God had commanded us to severely torture each other night and day, then the act becomes right and obligatory.

What is Man? (The Biblical Philosophy of Man)

MAN IS THE MOST MYSTERIOUS of God’s creation. Many theories arose as to his origins. Many define him as a “rational animal” which evolved from the lowest forms and has the capacity to develop into the highest form, become superman and even become a god freed from the limitations he presently finds himself in. The wisdom of man contained in science and philosophy produced diverse ideas about what man is and what he can become without the help of the Being who caused his existence.
            Man came into existence because God created him for a purpose. This fact man must know from God because, by himself alone, he will never be able to find out who he is, how he came to be, what he is for, and what is in store for him in the future ...

On Painful Trials

1. Consider trials as pure joy
Consider the many kinds of trials that you experience as pure joy. Through trials, our faith is being put to the test and this develops our perseverance—and those who persevere until the end will be justified before God and worthy of receiving salvation.As the Bible teaches, “Consider it pure joy, my brothers, whenever you face trials of many kinds, because you know that the testing of your faith develops perseverance.  Perseverance must finish its work so that you may be mature and complete, not lacking anything.” (James 1:2-4, NIV) ...

Death Penalty and the Bible

THERE ARE AT LEAST 10 “crimes” that deserve capital punishment according to the Old Testament of the Bible:

1. Murder
Exo. 21:12: "Whoever hits a man and kills him is to be put to death.”

Exo. 21:14: “But when a man gets angry and deliberately kills another man, he is to be put to death, even if he has run to my altar for safety.”

2. Rape
Deut. 22:25: "Suppose a man out in the countryside rapes a girl who is engaged to someone else. Then only the man is to be put to death;”

3. Adultery
Lev. 20:10, 11-12: “If a man commits adultery with the wife of a fellow Israelite, both he and the woman shall be put to death” ...

Does our existence have meaning without God?

... As admitted by a well-known atheist French philosopher Jean Paul Sartre, atheism necessarily implies that “All existing things are born for no reason, continue through weakness and die by accident… It is meaningless that we are born; it is meaningless that we die” ...

Reconciling God and Sufferings

... whereas other religions such as Eastern traditions typically put sorrow, pain, and suffering in the category of illusion—that “evil and suffering are real only as long as the ego believes them to be real” and that “they will fade away as one gains enlightenment about the illusory nature of the phenomenal world,” Christianity, on the other hand, bluntly confronts these profound issues from the very first pages of Genesis ...

The UFC and our own Mixed Martial Arts fight

… the UFC (Ultimate Fighting Championship) continues its swift ascent from being “an almost unknown MMA show” to having graced the covers of Sports Illustrated and ESPN The Magazine, its fighters like Randy “the Natural” Couture and Quinton “Rampage” Jackson having played key roles in some Hollywood big films. No wonder therefore that today, not a few youth around the world train to fight in MMA competitions. But unaware as many of us God’s children may be, we too are inevitably engaged in a brutal form of fight …

All religions: Just various roads all leading to God?



If by the term ‘true,’ as used as an adjective for ‘religion,’ we mean “leading to God” and “recognized and accepted by Him,” then to claim that “all religions are true” is to suggest, in essence, that all faiths are fundamentally the same.

Indeed, this is what many people in this age of pluralism believe. As various faiths incessantly emerge in every sector of our society, many are led to suppose that religions are only superficially different ...

'They have been long written in the Bible'

…IF YOU WERE living in the past when there were no telescope, camera, television, space shuttle, and the like, would you believe if someone came with the news that the earth was round and hanged on nothing?
          The old view is contrary to this. Such news was then far-fetched and hard to believe. People would have probably just raised an eyebrow, shrugged the shoulders, or condemned the one who brought such unusual information. This happened to Galileo Galilei ...

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