1. PLAN YOUR SPEECH by considering your audience.
Identify your audience. Keep in mind their age bracket, educational attainment, profession, cultural background, etc. Be clear on why your topic is of interest to them. If you’re preparing a speech for a debate contest, know also the background or ‘demographics’ of the judges and keep them in mind as you proceed.
2. Organize your speech by identifying your main points.
Jot down few key points you want your listeners to remember. Express each thought in a single, unambiguous statement, and support each statement with pertinent information. Facts, statistics, historical background, quotations from authorities, case studies, and the like may be important to your topic. Consider also using visual aids to emphasize significant points ...