Debate

Debate

Human Intelligence: Nature or Nurture?

IT HAS BEEN A DEBATE for more than a century, on whether our intelligence was inherited by nature or acquired through nurture. It is an argument between the Principles of Psychology and Sociology and the meticulous studies of Science. Intelligence is the capacity of our rational mind to consolidate and evaluate external stimuli by integrating sensory input with our memory and our programming.
            More than a century ago, Sir Francis Galton, a scientist who began studying the role of genes in intelligence, theorized that parents transferred intelligence to their children, who in turn passed these intelligent-boosting genes down to their offspring. Science Daily, on one of their articles, said that our brain structure is considerable under genetic influence.

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Fraternity: Belongingness or Violence?

SOME AUTHORITIES say that people join fraternities or sororities for basically the same reasons. Gang membership is oftentimes related to the 5 basic needs that Abraham Maslow theorized: the physiological needs, the needs for safety, the need for love/belongingness, the need for self-esteem, and the need to feel that someone has the potential to reach specific goals (self-actualization). College fraternities are said to be not that different from gangs--members all want the security of being able to identify with a group and find solidarity through the group membership.

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Physical Punishment for Criminals: Justifiable or Abominable?

THE USE OF PHYSICAL FORCE for punishing criminals had been a practice since the ancient times; it involves the deliberate infliction of pain as retribution for an offense or for disciplining the wrongdoer by using a whip or birch to hit the buttocks, back of the thighs and calves, upper back and shoulders, soles of the feet, the hands and even the head, depending on the severity of the offense or crime.
          The purpose of corporal punishment is to prevent the offense or wrongdoing from happening again by instilling or associating fear with these undesired acts. 

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Science: Beneficial or Threat to Humanity?

ON THE DAWN OF THE 21ST CENTURY, science has transcended the boarders of human understanding and expanded our knowledge of the things that were once unknown, making everything easier, faster, lighter and better. Scientific studies about human have given a huge progress for Medicine and Surgery; diseases that were once incurable are now easily cured, and even changing parts of our body is made possible. The modern facilities of communication have made contact between people who are miles apart be easily patched within seconds.

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Sex Education in the Elementary (Grade 4-6): Proper or Improper?

SEX EDUCATION is one of the most controversial issues today in the country.  The issue inquires whether such kind of education would be a suitable solution to some recent problems or become a black torch which would bring curse and immorality to our society particularly to the youth. Sex education, which is sometimes called sexuality education or sex and relationships education, is teaching and learning information about sex, sexual identity, relationships, and intimacy.

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Jose P. Laurel: A "Hero" or a "Traitor"?

Jose P. Laurel: A "Hero" or a "Traitor"?
 
JOSE P. LAUREL is the third president of the Philippines. He was one of the most controversial politicians during his time. He was labeled as a collaborator, others think He was a hero, and others say He is a traitor.
          When President Manuel Quezon went to the United States during the Japanese occupation, Jose P. Laurel was elected by the National Assembly as President of the Republic of the Philippines. 
 

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Philippine Sangguniang Kabataan (SK): Abolition or Reformation?

Philippine Sangguniang Kabataan (SK): Abolition or Reformation?
 

Council in the Philippines is the governing body in every chapter of the Katipunan ng Kabataan (Youth Federation). Each barangay in the Philippines is mandated by law to have its own chapter of the Katipunan ng Kabataan, aging from 15 to 18 years old who resides in their respective barangays for at least 6 months and registered in the Sangguniang Kabataan, or in the official list in the custody of the barangay secretary. It is the local youth program and projects implementation partner of the government. The Katipunan ng Kabataan members elect their officers known as Sangguniang Kabataan which serves as the local youth legislature in the village. The Sangguniang Kabataan is an off-shoot of the KB or the Kabataang Barangay (Village Youth) which was abolished when the Local Government Code of 1991 was enacted.

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Nuclear Power as Philippines' Main Source of Electric Energy: Better or Danger?

ALMOST EVERY MONTH we experience an increase on the electric charges in our bills. Moreover, many places in Visayas and Mindanao experience electric interruptions due to insufficiency of energy resources. In order to solve this problem, last 2009, two congressmen, namely, Rep.Mark Cojuangco and Rep. Juan Miguel Arroyo, have been pushing the reopening and revival of the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant through House Bill 4631. This power plant was built by our late president Ferdinand Marcos to ease the country’s problem on electric energy sources, and to lessen the burden of his countrymen in paying high cost electricity. Yet, this billion- worth project was never used nor became beneficial to us for it never took operation on the entire history, due to the opposition of different environmental groups.

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On Mandatory Drug Testing in School: Are you in Favor or Not?

THE WORSENING DRUG ABUSE in the country can be gleaned from the fact that in 1972,  there were only 20,000 drug users in the Philippines. In 2004, this figure has climbed to an astounding 6.7 million. Methamphetamine hydrochloride or "shabu" and marijuana are the illegal drugs preferred by one in every 29 Filipinos aged 10 to 44 years. According to the Dangerous Drugs Board, 325,000 children were using illegal substance, particularly rugby. 
             As our Government continues to fight and eradicate the supply and demand of illegal drugs in the country, is mandatory drug testing in schools part of the solution?

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Philippine Supreme Court Justices: Should they be elected or not?

Philippine Supreme Court Justices: Should they be elected or not?
 

THE JUDICIARY IS ONE OF THE THREE BRANCHES of the government which is co-equal with the Legislative and the Executive branches. Under the Judiciary Department is the Supreme Court which is the highest court of the land. It is composed of 14 Associate Justices appointed by the President of the Philippines.  The Judiciary is the only department of the government wherein its justices are appointed and not elected by the voting citizens.
 
               
The 8-5 votes of Supreme Court in favor of a temporary restraining order filed by the former president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on the watch list order of the Department of Justice is so controversial. As they were appointed by her, many say that most of the Associate Justices of Supreme Court are part of the elaborate scheme laid down by the past administration to frustrate efforts of exacting accountability and justice from the decrepit couple.

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